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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18(12), 2522; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms18122522

Impact of Antibiotics on the Proliferation and Differentiation of Human Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells

1
Department of Molecular Biology, School of Pharmacy with the Division of Laboratory Medicine in Sosnowiec, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, 40-055 Katowice, Poland
2
Department of Pathology, Pomeranian Medical University, 70-204 Szczecin, Poland
3
Department of Medical Genetics, School of Pharmacy with the Division of Laboratory Medicine in Sosnowiec, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, 40-055 Katowice, Poland
4
Małopolska Centre of Biotechnology, Jagiellonian University, Gronostajowa 7A str., 30-387 Krakow, Poland
5
LinkoCare Life Sciences AB, 583 30 Linköping, Sweden
6
Centre de Biophysique Moléculaire, UPR4301 CNRS CS80054, Rue Charles Sadron, 45071 Orleans CEDEX 2, France
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 November 2017 / Revised: 20 November 2017 / Accepted: 20 November 2017 / Published: 24 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry)
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Abstract

Adipose tissue is a promising source of mesenchymal stem cells. Their potential to differentiate and regenerate other types of tissues may be affected by several factors. This may be due to in vitro cell-culture conditions, especially the supplementation with antibiotics. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effects of a penicillin-streptomycin mixture (PS), amphotericin B (AmB), a complex of AmB with copper (II) ions (AmB-Cu2+) and various combinations of these antibiotics on the proliferation and differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells in vitro. Normal human adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC, Lonza) were routinely maintained in a Dulbecco’s Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM) that was either supplemented with selected antibiotics or without antibiotics. The ADSC that were used for the experiment were at the second passage. The effect of antibiotics on proliferation was analyzed using the 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and sulforhodamine-B (SRB) tests. Differentiation was evaluated based on Alizarin Red staining, Oil Red O staining and determination of the expression of ADSC, osteoblast and adipocyte markers by real-time RT-qPCR. The obtained results indicate that the influence of antibiotics on adipose-derived stem cells depends on the duration of exposure and on the combination of applied compounds. We show that antibiotics alter the proliferation of cells and also promote natural osteogenesis, and adipogenesis, and that this effect is also noticeable in stimulated osteogenesis. View Full-Text
Keywords: adipose-derived stem cells; amphotericin B; copper (II) ions; osteogenesis; penicillin; streptomycin adipose-derived stem cells; amphotericin B; copper (II) ions; osteogenesis; penicillin; streptomycin
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Skubis, A.; Gola, J.; Sikora, B.; Hybiak, J.; Paul-Samojedny, M.; Mazurek, U.; Łos, M.J. Impact of Antibiotics on the Proliferation and Differentiation of Human Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2522.

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