Impact of Labile Zinc on Heart Function: From Physiology to Pathophysiology
AbstractZinc plays an important role in biological systems as bound and histochemically reactive labile Zn2+. Although Zn2+ concentration is in the nM range in cardiomyocytes at rest and increases dramatically under stimulation, very little is known about precise mechanisms controlling the intracellular distribution of Zn2+ and its variations during cardiac function. Recent studies are focused on molecular and cellular aspects of labile Zn2+ and its homeostasis in mammalian cells and growing evidence clarified the molecular mechanisms underlying Zn2+-diverse functions in the heart, leading to the discovery of novel physiological functions of labile Zn2+ in parallel to the discovery of subcellular localization of Zn2+-transporters in cardiomyocytes. Additionally, important experimental data suggest a central role of intracellular labile Zn2+ in excitation-contraction coupling in cardiomyocytes by shaping Ca2+ dynamics. Cellular labile Zn2+ is tightly regulated against its adverse effects through either Zn2+-transporters, Zn2+-binding molecules or Zn2+-sensors, and, therefore plays a critical role in cellular signaling pathways. The present review summarizes the current understanding of the physiological role of cellular labile Zn2+ distribution in cardiomyocytes and how a remodeling of cellular Zn2+-homeostasis can be important in proper cell function with Zn2+-transporters under hyperglycemia. We also emphasize the recent investigations on Zn2+-transporter functions from the standpoint of human heart health to diseases together with their clinical interest as target proteins in the heart under pathological condition, such as diabetes. View Full-Text
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.
Share & Cite This Article
Turan, B.; Tuncay, E. Impact of Labile Zinc on Heart Function: From Physiology to Pathophysiology. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2017, 18, 2395.
Turan B, Tuncay E. Impact of Labile Zinc on Heart Function: From Physiology to Pathophysiology. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2017; 18(11):2395.Chicago/Turabian Style
Turan, Belma; Tuncay, Erkan. 2017. "Impact of Labile Zinc on Heart Function: From Physiology to Pathophysiology." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18, no. 11: 2395.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.