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Modulation of GLO1 Expression Affects Malignant Properties of Cells

Institute of Biochemistry, Medical Faculty, University of Leipzig, Johannisallee 30, Leipzig 04103, Germany
Max Planck Institute of Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, Leipzig 04103, Germany
Institute of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Leipzig, Liebigstrasse 21, Leipzig 04103, Germany
College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar P.O. Box 79, Ethiopia
Department of Neurosurgery, University Hospital Leipzig, Liebigstrasse 20, Leipzig 04103, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Casper Schalkwijk
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(12), 2133;
Received: 31 August 2016 / Revised: 8 December 2016 / Accepted: 12 December 2016 / Published: 18 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Glyoxalase System)
The energy metabolism of most tumor cells relies on aerobic glycolysis (Warburg effect) characterized by an increased glycolytic flux that is accompanied by the increased formation of the cytotoxic metabolite methylglyoxal (MGO). Consequently, the rate of detoxification of this reactive glycolytic byproduct needs to be increased in order to prevent deleterious effects to the cells. This is brought about by an increased expression of glyoxalase 1 (GLO1) that is the rate-limiting enzyme of the MGO-detoxifying glyoxalase system. Here, we overexpressed GLO1 in HEK 293 cells and silenced it in MCF-7 cells using shRNA. Tumor-related properties of wild type and transformed cells were compared and key glycolytic enzyme activities assessed. Furthermore, the cells were subjected to hypoxic conditions to analyze the impact on cell proliferation and enzyme activities. Our results demonstrate that knockdown of GLO1 in the cancer cells significantly reduced tumor-associated properties such as migration and proliferation, whereas no functional alterations where found by overexpression of GLO1 in HEK 293 cells. In contrast, hypoxia caused inhibition of cell growth of all cells except of those overexpressing GLO1. Altogether, we conclude that GLO1 on one hand is crucial to maintaining tumor characteristics of malignant cells, and, on the other hand, supports malignant transformation of cells in a hypoxic environment when overexpressed. View Full-Text
Keywords: glyoxalase 1; MCF-7 cells; HEK 293 cell; aerobic glycolysis; malignant transformation; methylglyoxal glyoxalase 1; MCF-7 cells; HEK 293 cell; aerobic glycolysis; malignant transformation; methylglyoxal
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hutschenreuther, A.; Bigl, M.; Hemdan, N.Y.A.; Debebe, T.; Gaunitz, F.; Birkenmeier, G. Modulation of GLO1 Expression Affects Malignant Properties of Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 2133.

AMA Style

Hutschenreuther A, Bigl M, Hemdan NYA, Debebe T, Gaunitz F, Birkenmeier G. Modulation of GLO1 Expression Affects Malignant Properties of Cells. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(12):2133.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hutschenreuther, Antje, Marina Bigl, Nasr Y. A. Hemdan, Tewodros Debebe, Frank Gaunitz, and Gerd Birkenmeier. 2016. "Modulation of GLO1 Expression Affects Malignant Properties of Cells" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 17, no. 12: 2133.

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