Prokaryotic Expression, Purification and Immunogenicity in Rabbits of the Small Antigen of Hepatitis Delta Virus
AbstractHepatitis delta virus (HDV) is a viroid-like blood-borne human pathogen that accompanies hepatitis B virus infection in 5% patients. HDV has been studied for four decades; however, the knowledge on its life-cycle and pathogenesis is still sparse. The studies are hampered by the absence of the commercially-available HDV-specific antibodies. Here, we describe a set of reproducible methods for the expression in E. coli of His-tagged small antigen of HDV (S-HDAg), its purification, and production of polyclonal anti-S-HDAg antibodies in rabbits. S-HDAg was cloned into a commercial vector guiding expression of the recombinant proteins with the C-terminal His-tag. We optimized S-HDAg protein purification procedure circumventing a low affinity of the His-tagged S-HDAg to the Ni-nitrilotriacetyl agarose (Ni-NTA-agarose) resin. Optimization allowed us to obtain S-HDAg with >90% purity. S-HDAg was used to immunize Shinchilla grey rabbits which received 80 μg of S-HDAg in two subcutaneous primes in the complete, followed by four 40 μg boosts in incomplete Freunds adjuvant. Rabbits were bled two weeks post each boost. Antibody titers determined by indirect ELISA exceeded 107. Anti-S-HDAg antibodies detected the antigen on Western blots in the amounts of up-to 100 pg. They were also successfully used to characterize the expression of S-HDAg in the eukaryotic cells by immunofluorescent staining/confocal microscopy. View Full-Text
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Tunitskaya, V.L.; Eliseeva, O.V.; Valuev-Elliston, V.T.; Tyurina, D.A.; Zakirova, N.F.; Khomich, O.A.; Kalis, M.; Latyshev, O.E.; Starodubova, E.S.; Ivanova, O.N.; Kochetkov, S.N.; Isaguliants, M.G.; Ivanov, A.V. Prokaryotic Expression, Purification and Immunogenicity in Rabbits of the Small Antigen of Hepatitis Delta Virus. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1721.
Tunitskaya VL, Eliseeva OV, Valuev-Elliston VT, Tyurina DA, Zakirova NF, Khomich OA, Kalis M, Latyshev OE, Starodubova ES, Ivanova ON, Kochetkov SN, Isaguliants MG, Ivanov AV. Prokaryotic Expression, Purification and Immunogenicity in Rabbits of the Small Antigen of Hepatitis Delta Virus. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2016; 17(10):1721.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tunitskaya, Vera L.; Eliseeva, Olesja V.; Valuev-Elliston, Vladimir T.; Tyurina, Daria A.; Zakirova, Natalia F.; Khomich, Olga A.; Kalis, Martins; Latyshev, Oleg E.; Starodubova, Elizaveta S.; Ivanova, Olga N.; Kochetkov, Sergey N.; Isaguliants, Maria G.; Ivanov, Alexander V. 2016. "Prokaryotic Expression, Purification and Immunogenicity in Rabbits of the Small Antigen of Hepatitis Delta Virus." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17, no. 10: 1721.
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