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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17(10), 1561;

Development of Bt Rice and Bt Maize in China and Their Efficacy in Target Pest Control

State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China
Department of Fish and Wildlife Conservation, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0321, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Massimo Maffei and Francesca Barbero
Received: 11 August 2016 / Revised: 8 September 2016 / Accepted: 9 September 2016 / Published: 18 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Plant-Insect Interactions)
Full-Text   |   PDF [250 KB, uploaded 18 October 2016]


Rice and maize are important cereal crops that serve as staple foods, feed, and industrial material in China. Multiple factors constrain the production of both crops, among which insect pests are an important one. Lepidopteran pests cause enormous yield losses for the crops annually. In order to control these pests, China plays an active role in development and application of genetic engineering (GE) to crops, and dozens of GE rice and GE maize lines expressing insecticidal proteins from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) have been developed. Many lines have entered environmental release, field testing, and preproduction testing, and laboratory and field experiments have shown that most of the Bt rice and Bt maize lines developed in China exhibited effective control of major target lepidopteran pests on rice (Chilo suppressalis, Scirpophaga incertulas, and Cnaphalocrocis medinalis) and maize (Ostrinia furnacalis), demonstrating bright prospects for application. However, none of these Bt lines has yet been commercially planted through this writing in 2016. Challenges and perspectives for development and application of Bt rice and maize in China are discussed. This article provides a general context for colleagues to learn about research and development of Bt crops in China, and may shed light on future work in this field. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bacillus thuringiensis; Cry proteins; target insects; commercialization; ELISA Bacillus thuringiensis; Cry proteins; target insects; commercialization; ELISA
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Liu, Q.; Hallerman, E.; Peng, Y.; Li, Y. Development of Bt Rice and Bt Maize in China and Their Efficacy in Target Pest Control. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2016, 17, 1561.

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