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Article

Shewanella sp. O23S as a Driving Agent of a System Utilizing Dissimilatory Arsenate-Reducing Bacteria Responsible for Self-Cleaning of Water Contaminated with Arsenic

Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Analysis, Faculty of Biology, University of Warsaw, Miecznikowa 1, 02-096 Warsaw, Poland
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Academic Editor: Ji-Dong Gu
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(7), 14409-14427; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms160714409
Received: 31 March 2015 / Revised: 12 June 2015 / Accepted: 15 June 2015 / Published: 25 June 2015
The purpose of this study was a detailed characterization of Shewanella sp. O23S, a strain involved in arsenic transformation in ancient gold mine waters contaminated with arsenic and other heavy metals. Physiological analysis of Shewanella sp. O23S showed that it is a facultative anaerobe, capable of growth using arsenate, thiosulfate, nitrate, iron or manganite as a terminal electron acceptor, and lactate or citrate as an electron donor. The strain can grow under anaerobic conditions and utilize arsenate in the respiratory process in a broad range of temperatures (10–37 °C), pH (4–8), salinity (0%–2%), and the presence of heavy metals (Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Mo, Se, V and Zn). Under reductive conditions this strain can simultaneously use arsenate and thiosulfate as electron acceptors and produce yellow arsenic (III) sulfide (As2S3) precipitate. Simulation of As-removal from water containing arsenate (2.5 mM) and thiosulfate (5 mM) showed 82.5% efficiency after 21 days of incubation at room temperature. Based on the obtained results, we have proposed a model of a microbially mediated system for self-cleaning of mine waters contaminated with arsenic, in which Shewanella sp. O23S is the main driving agent. View Full-Text
Keywords: Shewanella spp.; dissimilatory arsenate reduction; arsenic removal Shewanella spp.; dissimilatory arsenate reduction; arsenic removal
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MDPI and ACS Style

Drewniak, L.; Stasiuk, R.; Uhrynowski, W.; Sklodowska, A. Shewanella sp. O23S as a Driving Agent of a System Utilizing Dissimilatory Arsenate-Reducing Bacteria Responsible for Self-Cleaning of Water Contaminated with Arsenic. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 14409-14427. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms160714409

AMA Style

Drewniak L, Stasiuk R, Uhrynowski W, Sklodowska A. Shewanella sp. O23S as a Driving Agent of a System Utilizing Dissimilatory Arsenate-Reducing Bacteria Responsible for Self-Cleaning of Water Contaminated with Arsenic. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(7):14409-14427. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms160714409

Chicago/Turabian Style

Drewniak, Lukasz, Robert Stasiuk, Witold Uhrynowski, and Aleksandra Sklodowska. 2015. "Shewanella sp. O23S as a Driving Agent of a System Utilizing Dissimilatory Arsenate-Reducing Bacteria Responsible for Self-Cleaning of Water Contaminated with Arsenic" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 16, no. 7: 14409-14427. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms160714409

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