Wilson’s Disease: A Comprehensive Review of the Molecular Mechanisms
AbstractWilson’s disease (WD), also known as hepatolenticular degeneration, is an autosomal recessive inherited disorder resulting from abnormal copper metabolism. Reduced copper excretion causes an excessive deposition of the copper in many organs such as the liver, central nervous system (CNS), cornea, kidney, joints, and cardiac muscle where the physiological functions of the affected organs are impaired. The underlying molecular mechanisms for WD have been extensively studied. It is now believed that a defect in P-type adenosine triphosphatase (ATP7B), the gene encoding the copper transporting P-type ATPase, is responsible for hepatic copper accumulation. Deposited copper in the liver produces toxic effects via modulating several molecular pathways. WD can be a lethal disease if left untreated. A better understanding of the molecular mechanisms causing the aberrant copper deposition and organ damage is the key to developing effective management approaches. View Full-Text
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Wu, F.; Wang, J.; Pu, C.; Qiao, L.; Jiang, C. Wilson’s Disease: A Comprehensive Review of the Molecular Mechanisms. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 6419-6431.
Wu F, Wang J, Pu C, Qiao L, Jiang C. Wilson’s Disease: A Comprehensive Review of the Molecular Mechanisms. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(3):6419-6431.Chicago/Turabian Style
Wu, Fei; Wang, Jing; Pu, Chunwen; Qiao, Liang; Jiang, Chunmeng. 2015. "Wilson’s Disease: A Comprehensive Review of the Molecular Mechanisms." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 3: 6419-6431.