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Article

Phenolic Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Different Peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] Cultivars in China

by 1,2, 1,2, 1,2,3, 4, 1,2,3, 1,2,3,* and 1,2,3
1
Laboratory of Fruit Quality Biology, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China
2
The State Agriculture Ministry Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Growth, Development and Quality Improvement, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China
3
Zhejiang Key Laboratory for Agro-Food Processing, Zhejiang University, Zijingang Campus, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, China
4
Forestry and Pomology Research Institute, Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Shanghai 20l403, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Bing Yan
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(3), 5762-5778; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms16035762
Received: 8 February 2015 / Revised: 2 March 2015 / Accepted: 3 March 2015 / Published: 12 March 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry)
China is an important centre of diversity for Prunus persica. In the present study, 17 Chinese peach cultivars were evaluated for phenolic content and antioxidant activity. Neochlorogenic acid (NCHA), chlorogenic acid (CHA), procyanidin B1 (B1), catechin (CAT), cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C3G), quercetin-3-O-galactoside (Q3GAL), quercetin-3-O-glucoside (Q3GLU), quercetin-3-O-rutinoside (Q3R), and kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside (K3R) were identified and quantified. CHA and CAT were the predominant components in both the peel and pulp of this fruit. In general, peel extracts showed higher antioxidant activities than the pulp counterparts, consistent with the observed higher phenolic content. The melting peach cultivar “Xinyu” showed the highest antioxidant potency composite (APC) index. The principal component analysis (PCA) of peel phenolics showed a clear distinction between the melting peach and nectarine. Overall, peach cultivars rich in hydroxycinnamates and flavan-3-ols showed relatively higher antioxidant activities and might be excellent sources of phytochemicals and natural antioxidants. View Full-Text
Keywords: Prunus persica; phenolic compounds; antioxidant capacities; taxonomy Prunus persica; phenolic compounds; antioxidant capacities; taxonomy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhao, X.; Zhang, W.; Yin, X.; Su, M.; Sun, C.; Li, X.; Chen, K. Phenolic Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Different Peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] Cultivars in China. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 5762-5778. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms16035762

AMA Style

Zhao X, Zhang W, Yin X, Su M, Sun C, Li X, Chen K. Phenolic Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Different Peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] Cultivars in China. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(3):5762-5778. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms16035762

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhao, Xiaoyong, Wenna Zhang, Xueren Yin, Mingshen Su, Chongde Sun, Xian Li, and Kunsong Chen. 2015. "Phenolic Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Different Peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch] Cultivars in China" International Journal of Molecular Sciences 16, no. 3: 5762-5778. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms16035762

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