Next Article in Journal
Cardiovascular Complications of Pregnancy
Next Article in Special Issue
Stress Sensitivity Is Associated with Differential Accumulation of Reactive Oxygen and Nitrogen Species in Maize Genotypes with Contrasting Levels of Drought Tolerance
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Relative Arrangement of Cationic and Lipophilic Moieties on Hemolytic and Antibacterial Activities of PEGylated Polyacrylates
Previous Article in Special Issue
Exogenous GA3 Application Enhances Xylem Development and Induces the Expression of Secondary Wall Biosynthesis Related Genes in Betula platyphylla
Open AccessReview

Constituents and Pharmacological Activities of Myrcia (Myrtaceae): A Review of an Aromatic and Medicinal Group of Plants

Programa de Pós-graduação em Química, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém 66075-110, PA, Brazil
Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, Belém 66040-170, PA, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marcello Iriti
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(10), 23881-23904;
Received: 13 August 2015 / Revised: 24 September 2015 / Accepted: 25 September 2015 / Published: 9 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Research in Plant Secondary Metabolism 2015)
Myrcia is one of the largest genera of the economically important family Myrtaceae. Some of the species are used in folk medicine, such as a group known as “pedra-hume-caá” or “pedra-ume-caá” or “insulina vegetal” (insulin plant) that it is used for the treatment of diabetes. The species are an important source of essential oils, and most of the chemical studies on Myrcia describe the chemical composition of the essential oils, in which mono- and sesquiterpenes are predominant. The non-volatile compounds isolated from Myrcia are usually flavonoids, tannins, acetophenone derivatives and triterpenes. Anti-inflammatory, antinociceptive, antioxidant, antimicrobial activities have been described to Myrcia essential oils, while hypoglycemic, anti-hemorrhagic and antioxidant activities were attributed to the extracts. Flavonoid glucosides and acetophenone derivatives showed aldose reductase and α-glucosidase inhibition, and could explain the traditional use of Myrcia species to treat diabetes. Antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory are some of the activities observed for other isolated compounds from Myrcia. View Full-Text
Keywords: Myrcia; volatiles; non-volatiles; biological activities Myrcia; volatiles; non-volatiles; biological activities
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Cascaes, M.M.; Guilhon, G.M.S.P.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.D.G.B.; Santos, L.D.S. Constituents and Pharmacological Activities of Myrcia (Myrtaceae): A Review of an Aromatic and Medicinal Group of Plants. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 23881-23904.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map

Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop