Next Article in Journal
Exogenous Asymmetric Dimethylarginine (ADMA) in Pathogenesis of Ischemia-Reperfusion-Induced Gastric Lesions: Interaction with Protective Nitric Oxide (NO) and Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide (CGRP)
Next Article in Special Issue
Docosahexaenoic Acid Supplementation during Pregnancy: A Potential Tool to Prevent Membrane Rupture and Preterm Labor
Previous Article in Journal
iNR-Drug: Predicting the Interaction of Drugs with Nuclear Receptors in Cellular Networking
Previous Article in Special Issue
Influence of Diet, Menstruation and Genetic Factors on Iron Status: A Cross-Sectional Study in Spanish Women of Childbearing Age
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessComment
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(3), 4938-4945;

Calcium and Vitamin D in the Regulation of Energy Balance: Where Do We Stand?

Directorate of Nutrition, Dietetics & Food Science, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth 6845, Australia
These authors contribute equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 February 2014 / Revised: 11 March 2014 / Accepted: 13 March 2014 / Published: 20 March 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutritional Control of Metabolism)
Full-Text   |   PDF [248 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]


There is a pandemic of obesity and associated chronic diseases. Dietary calcium and vitamin D have many extra-skeletal roles in human health. In this review we have summarized the current understanding of their influence on human energy balance by examining the epidemiological, clinical, animal, cellular and molecular evidence. We opine that while calcium and vitamin D are functional nutrients in the battle against obesity, there is a need for prospective human trials to tilt the balance of evidence in favour of these nutrients. View Full-Text
Keywords: calcium; vitamin D; obesity; energy balance; chronic disease calcium; vitamin D; obesity; energy balance; chronic disease
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Soares, M.J.; Pathak, K.; Calton, E.K. Calcium and Vitamin D in the Regulation of Energy Balance: Where Do We Stand? Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 4938-4945.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top