Next Article in Journal
TXNDC5, a Newly Discovered Disulfide Isomerase with a Key Role in Cell Physiology and Pathology
Next Article in Special Issue
Melatonin and Female Hormone Secretion in Postmenopausal Overweight Women
Previous Article in Journal
Recent Developments in β-Cell Differentiation of Pluripotent Stem Cells Induced by Small and Large Molecules
Previous Article in Special Issue
Expression of the MT1 Melatonin Receptor in Ovarian Cancer Cells
Open AccessReview

Protecting the Melatonin Rhythm through Circadian Healthy Light Exposure

1
Department of Physiology, Faculty of Biology, University of Murcia, Murcia 30100, Spain
2
Department of Cellular and Structural Biology, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX 78229, USA
3
Johann Friedrich Blumenbach Institute of Zoology and Anthropology, University of Göttingen, Göttingen 37073, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15(12), 23448-23500; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms151223448
Received: 3 September 2014 / Revised: 2 November 2014 / Accepted: 9 November 2014 / Published: 17 December 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in the Research of Melatonin 2014)
Currently, in developed countries, nights are excessively illuminated (light at night), whereas daytime is mainly spent indoors, and thus people are exposed to much lower light intensities than under natural conditions. In spite of the positive impact of artificial light, we pay a price for the easy access to light during the night: disorganization of our circadian system or chronodisruption (CD), including perturbations in melatonin rhythm. Epidemiological studies show that CD is associated with an increased incidence of diabetes, obesity, heart disease, cognitive and affective impairment, premature aging and some types of cancer. Knowledge of retinal photoreceptors and the discovery of melanopsin in some ganglion cells demonstrate that light intensity, timing and spectrum must be considered to keep the biological clock properly entrained. Importantly, not all wavelengths of light are equally chronodisrupting. Blue light, which is particularly beneficial during the daytime, seems to be more disruptive at night, and induces the strongest melatonin inhibition. Nocturnal blue light exposure is currently increasing, due to the proliferation of energy-efficient lighting (LEDs) and electronic devices. Thus, the development of lighting systems that preserve the melatonin rhythm could reduce the health risks induced by chronodisruption. This review addresses the state of the art regarding the crosstalk between light and the circadian system. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronodisruption; circadian; light at night (LAN); melanopsin; melatonin chronodisruption; circadian; light at night (LAN); melanopsin; melatonin
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Bonmati-Carrion, M.A.; Arguelles-Prieto, R.; Martinez-Madrid, M.J.; Reiter, R.; Hardeland, R.; Rol, M.A.; Madrid, J.A. Protecting the Melatonin Rhythm through Circadian Healthy Light Exposure. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2014, 15, 23448-23500.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop