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Open AccessArticle

Insecticidal Activity of Cyanohydrin and Monoterpenoid Compounds

Department of Entomology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA 50011 USA
Agriculture Canada, Vineland, ON, Canada
Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin - Madison, Madison, WI 53706 USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2000, 5(4), 648-654;
Received: 29 February 2000 / Accepted: 24 March 2000 / Published: 3 April 2000
The insecticidal activities of several cyanohydrins, cyanohydrin esters and monoterpenoid esters (including three monoterpenoid esters of a cyanohydrin) were evaluated. Topical toxicity to Musca domestica L. adults was examined, and testing of many compounds at 100 mg/fly resulted in 100% mortality. Topical LD50 values of four compounds for M. domestica were calculated. Testing of many of the reported compounds to brine shrimp (Artemia franciscana Kellog) resulted in 100% mortality at 10 ppm, and two compounds caused 100% mortality at 1 ppm. Aquatic LC50 values were calculated for five compounds for larvae of the yellow fever mosquito (Aedes aegypti (L.)). Monoterpenoid esters were among the most toxic compounds tested in topical and aquatic bioassays. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cyanohydrin; monoterpenoid; insecticide Cyanohydrin; monoterpenoid; insecticide
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Peterson, C.J.; Tsao, R.; Eggler, A.L.; Coats, J.R. Insecticidal Activity of Cyanohydrin and Monoterpenoid Compounds. Molecules 2000, 5, 648-654.

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