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Molecules 2000, 5(3), 576-577; https://doi.org/10.3390/50300576

Abstract
Study of the Cytotoxic and Antifungal Activities of Neolignans 8.O.4´ and Structurally Related Compounds
1
Universidad Nacional de San Luis. Facultad de Química, Bioquímica y Farmacia. Cátedra de Química General, Argentina
2
Universidad Nacional de Rosario. Facultad de Bioquímica y Farmacia. Cátedra de Farmacognosia, Argentina
3
Departamento de Química. Universidad de Semmelweis, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Published: 22 March 2000

Abstract

:
In the present work we report the antifungal and cytotoxic activities of a neolignan 8.O.4´series. The most active antifungal compounds show a significant cytotoxic effect which might be related.

Introduction

Fungal infections have emerged during the past two decades as important pathogens causing morbidity and mortality in an increasingly diverse and progressively expanding populations of inmunocompromised patients. Unfortunately there are only very limited therapeutic options, especially for systemic mycotic infections.
In the search of new antifungal compounds we reported that neolignans 8.O.4´ have a moderated but significant antifungal activity against dermatophytes fungi [1,2].
Using the classic techniques of molecular simplification, we recently reported a systematic study on the antifungal properties of arylpropanoids which are constitutive parts of neolignans [3]. Our results indicate that some arylpropanoids possess strong antifungal effects which are comparable to those of amphotericine B and ketoconazole.
In the present work we report a comparative study on the antifungal and cytotoxic activities of these compounds and their length and limitations as antifungal agents.

Experimental

Cytotoxicity bioassay: Cytotoxicity was evaluated in a lymphocyte culture evaluating the incorporation of thymidine tritiated [4].
Antifungal assay: the dilution agar method was used [1]. Different human pathogenic fungi were used in the bioassays.

Results and Discussion

Our results indicate that all the arylpropanoids having strong antifungal activity also have a significant cytotoxic activity.
It should be noted that the cytotoxic activity obtained for arylpropanoids is comparable to those obtained for commercial drugs like amphotericine B, cilofungine, ketoconazole and miconazole.
Neolignans 8.O.4´ show a low cytotoxic effect, however they only have a moderate antifungal activity too. With the aim to separate the antifungal activity with the cytotoxic effect we synthesized the follow compounds.
Molecules 05 00576 i001

Acknowledgements 

The research was supported by grants from the UNSL and Fundación Antorchas. This work was perfomed in the Programa de Cooperación Científica SECYT-OMFB (Proyecto HUN2/9910G)

References and Notes

  1. J. Nat. Prod. 1997, 60, 659.
  2. J. of Ethnopharmacology 1998, 62, 35.
  3. To be published in J. Nat. Prod.
  4. J. Mol. Struct. (Theochem) 1999, 463, 283.
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