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Antifeedant Activity Evaluation of Withanolides from Jaborosa integrifolia

Clarisa E. Vaccarini
Gloria M. Bonetto
Departamento de Química Orgánica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas - UNC. Ciudad Universitaria. 5000 Córdoba, Argentina
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2000, 5(3), 422-423;
Published: 22 March 2000


Antifeedant activity of the 4-deoxi-27-hydroxi-withanolides (1, 2 y 3) isolated from Jaborosa integrifolia (Solanaceae) was investigated in caterpillar Spodoptera littoralis on Leaf Disk Choice Bioassay. Results indicate that the best feed inhibition effect is due to Jaborosalactone A.


Jaborosa integrifolia (Solanaceae) is native from Argentina. Our phytochemical studies on this spe-cies confirm the occurrence of withanolides in roots. The compounds named Jaborosalactones A (1), B (2) and D (3) were isolated in previous studies of this species and from Vassobia breviflora (SENDTN.) HUNZ. (Sub. nom.: Acnistus brevilorus GRISEB.) [1,2,3,4].
In an interdisciplinary project for bioactive compounds research from natural sources we deter-mined biological properties of the tree withanolides (1, 2 and 3) isolated from J. integrifolia. These compounds were evaluated as antifeedant on leaf choice disk test with fresh leaf of Zea mais and Cu-curbita peppo.
From the consumed area dates is calculated the antifeedant index as (1 - T/C) x 100, where T and C are, the consumed area of treated and control disks respectively [5].


The dried and powered roots of J. integrifolia were extracted with ethanol at room temperature and concentrated at reduced pressure. The residue was taken with hexane-methanol-water and so deffated. The methanolic layer was concentrates in vacuo, the methanol was eliminated and the water was ex-tracted with chloroform. The chloroformic layer was concentrated in vacuo and the extract was proc-essed by chromatography yielding three withanolides Jaborosalactone A (1), Jaborosalactone B (2) and Jaborosalactone D (3). Bioassays with S. littoralis were made according standard procedure.
Molecules 05 00422 i001

Results and discussion

Results indicate that the compound 1 show a potent feeding inhibitory effect for the caterpillars. We observe a 74% of feeding inhibition (p = 0,05) in the disk treated with 20 μg-cm2. The dates for com-pounds 2 and 3 indicate that these compounds has not significant effect (+ 19% and – 19%, p = 0.05, respectively) on the alimentation of the caterpillars. We conclude that exist correlation between the marked difference on the antifeedant effect and the differential structural arrangement in A and B rings of the withanolides tested.

References and Notes

  1. Bukovits, G. J.; Gros, E. G. Phytochemistry 1979, 18, 1237–1239.
  2. Tchesche, R.; Schwang, H.; Legler, G. Tetrahedron 1966a, 22, 1121–1127.
  3. Tchesche, R.; Schwang, H.; Fehlhaber, W.; Snatzke, G. Tetrahedron 1966b, 22, 1129.
  4. Tchesche, R.; Baumgarth, M.; Welzel, P. Tetrahedron 1968, 24, 5169–5179.
  5. Hassanali, A.; Lwande, W. Antipest Secondary Metabolites from African Plants pag. 78–94 en INSECTICIDES OF PLANTS ORIGIN. ACS symp.Ser. 387. 1989.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Vaccarini, C.E.; Bonetto, G.M. Antifeedant Activity Evaluation of Withanolides from Jaborosa integrifolia. Molecules 2000, 5, 422-423.

AMA Style

Vaccarini CE, Bonetto GM. Antifeedant Activity Evaluation of Withanolides from Jaborosa integrifolia. Molecules. 2000; 5(3):422-423.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vaccarini, Clarisa E., and Gloria M. Bonetto. 2000. "Antifeedant Activity Evaluation of Withanolides from Jaborosa integrifolia" Molecules 5, no. 3: 422-423.

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