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Microalgae Biomass as a New Potential Source of Sustainable Green Lubricants

1
Tecnológico de Monterrey, Escuela de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Ave. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501, Monterrey 64849, Mexico
2
Instituto de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Circuito Escolar, Ciudad Universitaria, Mexico City 04510, Mexico
3
Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Escuela Superior de Física y Matemáticas, Laboratorio de Reología y Física de la Materia Blanda, U.P. Adolfo López Mateos Edif. 9, Col. Lindavista, Alc. Gustavo A. Madero, Mexico City 07738, Mexico
4
Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Química e Industrias Extractivas, U.P. Adolfo López Mateos Edif. 7, Col. Lindavista, Alc. Gustavo A. Madero, Mexico City 07738, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Hussein Znad, Giancarlo Cravotto, Ecaterina Stela Dragan, Giorgio Vilardi and Fatwa Abdi
Molecules 2022, 27(4), 1205; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27041205
Received: 16 December 2021 / Revised: 26 January 2022 / Accepted: 3 February 2022 / Published: 11 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exclusive Review Papers in Green Chemistry)
Lubricants are materials able to reduce friction and/or wear of any type of moving surfaces facilitating smooth operations, maintaining reliable machine functions, and reducing risks of failures while contributing to energy savings. At present, most worldwide used lubricants are derived from crude oil. However, production, usage and disposal of these lubricants have significant impact on environment and health. Hence, there is a growing pressure to reduce demand of this sort of lubricants, which has fostered development and use of green lubricants, as vegetable oil-based lubricants (biolubricants). Despite the ecological benefits of producing/using biolubricants, availability of the required raw materials and agricultural land to create a reliable chain supply is still far from being established. Recently, biomass from some microalgae species has attracted attention due to their capacity to produce high-value lipids/oils for potential lubricants production. Thus, this multidisciplinary work reviews the main chemical-physical characteristics of lubricants and the main attempts and progress on microalgae biomass production for developing oils with pertinent lubricating properties. In addition, potential microalgae strains and chemical modifications to their oils to produce lubricants for different industrial applications are identified. Finally, a guide for microalgae oil selection based on its chemical composition for specific lubricant applications is provided. View Full-Text
Keywords: microalgae biomass; lipids; green lubricants; biolubricants; sustainability; lubrication microalgae biomass; lipids; green lubricants; biolubricants; sustainability; lubrication
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MDPI and ACS Style

Farfan-Cabrera, L.I.; Franco-Morgado, M.; González-Sánchez, A.; Pérez-González, J.; Marín-Santibáñez, B.M. Microalgae Biomass as a New Potential Source of Sustainable Green Lubricants. Molecules 2022, 27, 1205. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27041205

AMA Style

Farfan-Cabrera LI, Franco-Morgado M, González-Sánchez A, Pérez-González J, Marín-Santibáñez BM. Microalgae Biomass as a New Potential Source of Sustainable Green Lubricants. Molecules. 2022; 27(4):1205. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27041205

Chicago/Turabian Style

Farfan-Cabrera, Leonardo I., Mariana Franco-Morgado, Armando González-Sánchez, José Pérez-González, and Benjamín M. Marín-Santibáñez. 2022. "Microalgae Biomass as a New Potential Source of Sustainable Green Lubricants" Molecules 27, no. 4: 1205. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27041205

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