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Antibacterial and Antifungal Studies of Biosynthesized Silver Nanoparticles against Plant Parasitic Nematode Meloidogyne incognita, Plant Pathogens Ralstonia solanacearum and Fusarium oxysporum

1
School of Life and Basic Sciences, SIILAS, Jaipur National University, Jaipur 302017, India
2
Centro de Nanociencias y Nanotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 22800 Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico
3
CONACYT Research Fellow at Centro de Nanociencias y Nanotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 22800 Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Annarita Stringaro
Molecules 2021, 26(9), 2462; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26092462
Received: 23 March 2021 / Revised: 15 April 2021 / Accepted: 20 April 2021 / Published: 23 April 2021
The possibility of using silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) to enhance the plants growth, crop production, and control of plant diseases is currently being researched. One of the most effective approaches for the production of AgNPs is green synthesis. Herein, we report a green and phytogenic synthesis of AgNPs by using aqueous extract of strawberry waste (solid waste after fruit juice extraction) as a novel bioresource, which is a non-hazardous and inexpensive that can act as a reducing, capping, and stabilizing agent. Successful biosynthesis of AgNPs was monitored by UV-visible spectroscopy showing a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) peak at ~415 nm. The X-ray diffraction studies confirm the face-centered cubic crystalline AgNPs. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques confirm the rectangular shape with an average size of ~55 nm. The antibacterial and antifungal efficacy and inhibitory impact of the biosynthesized AgNPs were tested against nematode, Meloidogyne incognita, plant pathogenic bacterium, Ralstonia solanacearum and fungus, Fusarium oxysporum. These results confirm that biosynthesized AgNPs can significantly control these plant pathogens. View Full-Text
Keywords: silver nanoparticles; antibacterial studies; antifungal studies; strawberry waste; Fusarium oxysporum; Ralstonia solanacearum silver nanoparticles; antibacterial studies; antifungal studies; strawberry waste; Fusarium oxysporum; Ralstonia solanacearum
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MDPI and ACS Style

Khan, M.; Khan, A.U.; Bogdanchikova, N.; Garibo, D. Antibacterial and Antifungal Studies of Biosynthesized Silver Nanoparticles against Plant Parasitic Nematode Meloidogyne incognita, Plant Pathogens Ralstonia solanacearum and Fusarium oxysporum. Molecules 2021, 26, 2462. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26092462

AMA Style

Khan M, Khan AU, Bogdanchikova N, Garibo D. Antibacterial and Antifungal Studies of Biosynthesized Silver Nanoparticles against Plant Parasitic Nematode Meloidogyne incognita, Plant Pathogens Ralstonia solanacearum and Fusarium oxysporum. Molecules. 2021; 26(9):2462. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26092462

Chicago/Turabian Style

Khan, Masudulla, Azhar U. Khan, Nina Bogdanchikova, and Diana Garibo. 2021. "Antibacterial and Antifungal Studies of Biosynthesized Silver Nanoparticles against Plant Parasitic Nematode Meloidogyne incognita, Plant Pathogens Ralstonia solanacearum and Fusarium oxysporum" Molecules 26, no. 9: 2462. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26092462

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