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Review

The Influence of Propolis on Dental Plaque Reduction and the Correlation between Dental Plaque and Severity of COVID-19 Complications—A Literature Review

1
Department of Community Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences in Sosnowiec, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, 41-200 Sosnowiec, Poland
2
Department of Temporomandibular Disorders, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, 41-800 Zabrze, Poland
3
Oral Rehabilitation and Prosthodontics, Private Practice, Felix Olmedo 3716, Montevideo 11700, Uruguay
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Juraj Majtan
Molecules 2021, 26(18), 5516; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26185516
Received: 29 July 2021 / Revised: 3 September 2021 / Accepted: 8 September 2021 / Published: 11 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Products Chemists: Leaving Our Lab in Covid-19 Emergency)
Current studies suggest that cariogenic bacteria in dental plaque influence the severity of COVID-19 complications since the oral cavity is a reservoir for respiratory pathogens potentially responsible for the development of hospital-acquired pneumonia. This article focuses on the association between dental plaque and COVID-19 concerning the influence of altered oral biofilm on the risk of increased severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Moreover, it concentrates on the usefulness of propolis, with its apitherapeutic antibacterial properties, for treating oral bacterial infections co-occurring with SARS-CoV-2 infection. A review of the literature on PubMed, Cochrane Library and Medline between 2000 and 2021 revealed 56 published articles indicating that a link between dental plaque and COVID-19 complications was probable. Furthermore, they indicated that propolis may minimize COVID-19 severity by reducing dental plaque accumulation. The possibility that improved oral health could reduce the risk of COVID-19 complications should be of interest to scientists. View Full-Text
Keywords: dental plaque; dental caries; propolis; COVID-19 complications dental plaque; dental caries; propolis; COVID-19 complications
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kurek-Górecka, A.; Walczyńska-Dragon, K.; Felitti, R.; Nitecka-Buchta, A.; Baron, S.; Olczyk, P. The Influence of Propolis on Dental Plaque Reduction and the Correlation between Dental Plaque and Severity of COVID-19 Complications—A Literature Review. Molecules 2021, 26, 5516. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26185516

AMA Style

Kurek-Górecka A, Walczyńska-Dragon K, Felitti R, Nitecka-Buchta A, Baron S, Olczyk P. The Influence of Propolis on Dental Plaque Reduction and the Correlation between Dental Plaque and Severity of COVID-19 Complications—A Literature Review. Molecules. 2021; 26(18):5516. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26185516

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kurek-Górecka, Anna, Karolina Walczyńska-Dragon, Rafael Felitti, Aleksandra Nitecka-Buchta, Stefan Baron, and Paweł Olczyk. 2021. "The Influence of Propolis on Dental Plaque Reduction and the Correlation between Dental Plaque and Severity of COVID-19 Complications—A Literature Review" Molecules 26, no. 18: 5516. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26185516

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