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Grapevine as a Rich Source of Polyphenolic Compounds

1
Department of Viticulture and Enology, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2
Centre of Excellence for Biodiversity and Molecular Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2020, 25(23), 5604; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25235604
Received: 27 October 2020 / Revised: 21 November 2020 / Accepted: 25 November 2020 / Published: 28 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products Chemistry)
Grapes are rich in primary and secondary metabolites. Among the secondary metabolites, polyphenolic compounds are the most abundant in grape berries. Besides their important impacts on grape and wine quality, this class of compounds has beneficial effects on human health. Due to their antioxidant activity, polyphenols and phenolic acids can act as anti-inflammatory and anticancerogenic agents, and can modulate the immune system. In grape berries, polyphenols and phenolic acids can be located in the pericarp and seeds, but distribution differs considerably among these tissues. Although some classes of polyphenols and phenolic acids are under strict genetic control, the final content is highly influenced by environmental factors, such as climate, soil, vineyard, and management. This review aims to present the main classes of polyphenolic compounds and phenolic acids in different berry tissues and grape varieties and special emphasis on their beneficial effect on human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: grapes; secondary metabolites; polyphenolic compounds; phenolic acids; human health grapes; secondary metabolites; polyphenolic compounds; phenolic acids; human health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Šikuten, I.; Štambuk, P.; Andabaka, Ž.; Tomaz, I.; Marković, Z.; Stupić, D.; Maletić, E.; Kontić, J.K.; Preiner, D. Grapevine as a Rich Source of Polyphenolic Compounds. Molecules 2020, 25, 5604. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25235604

AMA Style

Šikuten I, Štambuk P, Andabaka Ž, Tomaz I, Marković Z, Stupić D, Maletić E, Kontić JK, Preiner D. Grapevine as a Rich Source of Polyphenolic Compounds. Molecules. 2020; 25(23):5604. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25235604

Chicago/Turabian Style

Šikuten, Iva, Petra Štambuk, Željko Andabaka, Ivana Tomaz, Zvjezdana Marković, Domagoj Stupić, Edi Maletić, Jasminka K. Kontić, and Darko Preiner. 2020. "Grapevine as a Rich Source of Polyphenolic Compounds" Molecules 25, no. 23: 5604. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25235604

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