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Review

Chili Pepper Carotenoids: Nutraceutical Properties and Mechanisms of Action

Departamento de Ingeniería Genética, Centro de Investigación y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Unidad Irapuato, Guanajuato 36824, Mexico
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Academic Editor: Karel Šmejkal
Molecules 2020, 25(23), 5573; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25235573
Received: 23 October 2020 / Revised: 16 November 2020 / Accepted: 21 November 2020 / Published: 27 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Natural Compounds and Their Mechanisms of Action)
Chili pepper is a prominent cultivated horticultural crop that is traditionally used for food seasoning and is applied for the treatment and prevention of multiple diseases. Its beneficial health properties are due to its abundance and variety of bioactive components, such as carotenoids, capsaicinoids, and vitamins. In particular, carotenoids have important nutraceutical properties, and several studies have focused on their potential in the prevention and treatment of human diseases. In this article, we reviewed the state of knowledge of general aspects of chili pepper carotenoids (biosynthesis pathway, types and content in Capsicum spp., and the effects of processing on carotenoid content) and recent findings on the effects of carotenoid nutraceuticals, such as antioxidant, cancer preventive, anti-inflammatory, cardiovascular disorder preventive, and anti-obesity effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: Capsicum; carotenoids; chili pepper; nutraceutical effects; antioxidant; cancer; cardiovascular disorders; anti-inflammatory; obesity Capsicum; carotenoids; chili pepper; nutraceutical effects; antioxidant; cancer; cardiovascular disorders; anti-inflammatory; obesity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Villa-Rivera, M.G.; Ochoa-Alejo, N. Chili Pepper Carotenoids: Nutraceutical Properties and Mechanisms of Action. Molecules 2020, 25, 5573. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25235573

AMA Style

Villa-Rivera MG, Ochoa-Alejo N. Chili Pepper Carotenoids: Nutraceutical Properties and Mechanisms of Action. Molecules. 2020; 25(23):5573. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25235573

Chicago/Turabian Style

Villa-Rivera, Maria G., and Neftalí Ochoa-Alejo. 2020. "Chili Pepper Carotenoids: Nutraceutical Properties and Mechanisms of Action" Molecules 25, no. 23: 5573. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25235573

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