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Article

Chemical Characterization of Three Accessions of Brassica juncea L. Extracts from Different Plant Tissues

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Department of Chemical, Biological, Pharmaceutical and Environmental Sciences, University of Messina, 98168 Messina, Italy
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Chromaleont s.r.l., c/o Department of Chemical, Biological, Pharmaceutical and Environmental Sciences, University of Messina, 98168 Messina, Italy
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Department of Biomedical, Dental, Morphological and Functional Imaging Sciences, University of Messina, 98125 Messina, Italy
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CREA-Council for Agricultural Research and Economics, Research Centre for Cereal and Industrial Crops, 40129 Bologna, Italy
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Department of Sciences and Technologies for Human and Environment, University Campus Bio-Medico of Rome, 00128 Rome, Italy
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BeSep s.r.l., c/o Department of Chemical, Biological, Pharmaceutical and Environmental Sciences, University of Messina, 98168 Messina, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gilles Comte
Molecules 2020, 25(22), 5421; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25225421
Received: 3 November 2020 / Revised: 17 November 2020 / Accepted: 17 November 2020 / Published: 19 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioactive Phenolic and Polyphenolic Compounds)
Indian mustard or Brassica juncea (B. juncea) is an oilseed plant used in many types of food (as mustard or IV range salad). It also has non-food uses (e.g., as green manure), and is a good model for phytoremediation of metals and pesticides. In recent years, it gained special attention due to its biological compounds and potential beneficial effects on human health. In this study, different tissues, namely leaves, stems, roots, and flowers of three accessions of B. juncea: ISCI 99 (Sample A), ISCI Top (Sample B), and “Broad-leaf” (Sample C) were analyzed by HPLC-PDA/ESI-MS/MS. Most polyphenols identified were bound to sugars and phenolic acids. Among the three cultivars, Sample A flowers turned were the richest ones, and the most abundant bioactive identified was represented by Isorhamnetin 3,7-diglucoside (683.62 µg/100 mg dry weight (DW) in Sample A, 433.65 µg/100 mg DW in Sample B, and 644.43 µg/100 mg DW in Sample C). In addition, the most complex samples, viz. leaves were analyzed by GC-FID/MS. The major volatile constituents of B. juncea L. leaves extract in the three cultivars were benzenepropanenitrile (34.94% in Sample B, 8.16% in Sample A, 6.24% in Sample C), followed by benzofuranone (8.54% in Sample A, 6.32% in Sample C, 3.64% in Sample B), and phytone (3.77% in Sample B, 2.85% in Sample A, 1.01% in Sample C). The overall evaluation of different tissues from three B. juncea accessions, through chemical analysis of the volatile and non-volatile compounds, can be advantageously taken into consideration for future use as dietary supplements and nutraceuticals in food matrices. View Full-Text
Keywords: Brassica juncea spp.; metabolites; foods; volatile; non-volatile; nutraceuticals; HPLC; GC Brassica juncea spp.; metabolites; foods; volatile; non-volatile; nutraceuticals; HPLC; GC
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MDPI and ACS Style

Oulad El Majdoub, Y.; Alibrando, F.; Cacciola, F.; Arena, K.; Pagnotta, E.; Matteo, R.; Micalizzi, G.; Dugo, L.; Dugo, P.; Mondello, L. Chemical Characterization of Three Accessions of Brassica juncea L. Extracts from Different Plant Tissues. Molecules 2020, 25, 5421. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25225421

AMA Style

Oulad El Majdoub Y, Alibrando F, Cacciola F, Arena K, Pagnotta E, Matteo R, Micalizzi G, Dugo L, Dugo P, Mondello L. Chemical Characterization of Three Accessions of Brassica juncea L. Extracts from Different Plant Tissues. Molecules. 2020; 25(22):5421. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25225421

Chicago/Turabian Style

Oulad El Majdoub, Yassine, Filippo Alibrando, Francesco Cacciola, Katia Arena, Eleonora Pagnotta, Roberto Matteo, Giuseppe Micalizzi, Laura Dugo, Paola Dugo, and Luigi Mondello. 2020. "Chemical Characterization of Three Accessions of Brassica juncea L. Extracts from Different Plant Tissues" Molecules 25, no. 22: 5421. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25225421

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