1,4-Naphthoquinone Analogues: Potent Antibacterial Agents and Mode of Action Evaluation
Abstract1,4-Naphthoquinones have antibacterial activity and are a promising new class of compound that can be used to treat bacterial infections. The goal was to improve effective antibacterial agents; therefore, we synthesized a new class of naphthoquinone hybrids, which contain phenylamino-phenylthio moieties as significant counterparts. Compound 4 was modified as a substituted aryl amide moiety, which enhanced the antibacterial activity of earlier compounds 3 and 4. In this study, five bacterial strains Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), Listeria monocytogenes (L. monocytogenes), Escherichia coli (E. coli), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) were used to evaluate the antibacterial potency of synthesized naphthoquinones using the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) method. Most of the studied naphthoquinones demonstrated major antibacterial activity with a MIC of 15.6 µg/mL–500 µg/mL. Selected compounds (5a, 5f and 5x) were studied for the mode of action, using intracellular ROS generation, determination of apoptosis by the Annexin V-FITC/PI assay, a bactericidal kinetic study and in silico molecular modelling. Additionally, the redox potentials of the specified compounds were confirmed by cyclic voltammetry (CV). View Full-Text
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Ravichandiran, P.; Sheet, S.; Premnath, D.; Kim, A.R.; Yoo, D.J. 1,4-Naphthoquinone Analogues: Potent Antibacterial Agents and Mode of Action Evaluation. Molecules 2019, 24, 1437.
Ravichandiran P, Sheet S, Premnath D, Kim AR, Yoo DJ. 1,4-Naphthoquinone Analogues: Potent Antibacterial Agents and Mode of Action Evaluation. Molecules. 2019; 24(7):1437.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ravichandiran, Palanisamy; Sheet, Sunirmal; Premnath, Dhanraj; Kim, Ae R.; Yoo, Dong J. 2019. "1,4-Naphthoquinone Analogues: Potent Antibacterial Agents and Mode of Action Evaluation." Molecules 24, no. 7: 1437.
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