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Comparative Analysis of Hydrate Nucleation for Methane and Carbon Dioxide

School of Science, Engineering and Design, Teesside University, Tees Valley, Middlesbrough TS1 3BX, UK
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Molecules 2019, 24(6), 1055; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24061055
Received: 24 January 2019 / Revised: 9 March 2019 / Accepted: 13 March 2019 / Published: 18 March 2019
Research in the field of hydrate formation requires more focus upon its modelling to enable the researchers to predict and assess the hydrate formation and its characteristics. The main focus of the study was to analyze the deviations induced in various parameters related to hydrate nucleation caused by the choice of different measuring correlations or methods of their sub-components. To serve this purpose under a range of operational conditions, parameters of hydrate nucleation such as rates of nucleation and crystal growth, critical radius of the nucleus, and theoretical induction time for carbon dioxide and methane were considered in this study. From these measurements, we have quantitatively compared the ease of hydrate formation in CO2 and CH4 systems in terms of nucleation while analyzing how various correlations for intermediate parameters were affecting the final output. Values of these parameters were produced under the considered bracket of operational conditions and distributed among six cases using both general and guest-gas specific correlations for gas dissolution and fugacity and their combinations. The isotherms and isobars produced from some of the cases differed from each other considerably. The rate of nucleation in one case showed an exponential deviation with a value over 1 × 1028 at 5 MPa, while the rest showed values as multiples of 106. These deviations explain how sensitive hydrate formation is to processing variables and their respective correlations, highlighting the importance of understanding the applicability of semi-empirical correlations. An attempt was made to define the induction time from a theoretical perspective and derive a relevant equation from the existing models. This equation was validated and analyzed within these six cases from the experimental observations. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrate formation; nucleation; gas dissolution; induction time; carbon dioxide; methane hydrate formation; nucleation; gas dissolution; induction time; carbon dioxide; methane
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MDPI and ACS Style

Thoutam, P.; Rezaei Gomari, S.; Ahmad, F.; Islam, M. Comparative Analysis of Hydrate Nucleation for Methane and Carbon Dioxide. Molecules 2019, 24, 1055. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24061055

AMA Style

Thoutam P, Rezaei Gomari S, Ahmad F, Islam M. Comparative Analysis of Hydrate Nucleation for Methane and Carbon Dioxide. Molecules. 2019; 24(6):1055. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24061055

Chicago/Turabian Style

Thoutam, Pranav, Sina Rezaei Gomari, Faizan Ahmad, and Meez Islam. 2019. "Comparative Analysis of Hydrate Nucleation for Methane and Carbon Dioxide" Molecules 24, no. 6: 1055. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24061055

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