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Sweroside Alleviated LPS-Induced Inflammation via SIRT1 Mediating NF-κB and FOXO1 Signaling Pathways in RAW264.7 Cells

College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Key Laboratory of Luminescent and Real-Time Analytical Chemistry (Southwest University), Ministry of Education, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
TAAHC-SWU Medicinal Plant R&D Center, XiZang Agriculture and Animal Husbandry College, Nyingchi, Tibet 860000, China
School of Life Sciences, Southwest University, Chongqing 400715, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2019, 24(5), 872;
Received: 13 February 2019 / Revised: 25 February 2019 / Accepted: 27 February 2019 / Published: 1 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products Chemistry)
PDF [3312 KB, uploaded 1 March 2019]


Pterocephalus hookeri was used as a traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Sweroside was a main iridoid isolated from P. hookeri. The present study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory effect mechanism of sweroside. In RAW264.7 cells induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the abnormal proliferation, the NO content increase, and the downregulated Sirtuin1 (SIRT1) expression were observed. Sweroside could alleviate the inflammation by inhibiting cell proliferation through arresting the cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase, by suppressing pro-inflammatory cytokines and by promoting anti-inflammatory cytokines in LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells. Further mechanism research indicated that sweroside could activate the SIRT1, then suppress the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and promote the Forkhead transcription factor O1 (FOXO1) signaling pathways. The present study indicated that sweroside may be the main anti-inflammatory constituent of P. hookeri and a promising candidate for anti-inflammation therapy. View Full-Text
Keywords: sweroside; Pterocephalus hookeri; SIRT1; NF-κB; FOXO1; inflammation sweroside; Pterocephalus hookeri; SIRT1; NF-κB; FOXO1; inflammation

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Wang, R.; Dong, Z.; Lan, X.; Liao, Z.; Chen, M. Sweroside Alleviated LPS-Induced Inflammation via SIRT1 Mediating NF-κB and FOXO1 Signaling Pathways in RAW264.7 Cells. Molecules 2019, 24, 872.

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