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Open AccessArticle

Characterization and Identification of Prenylated Flavonoids from Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Roots by Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight and Linear Trap Quadrupole Orbitrap Mass Spectrometry

1
Research Center of Natural Resources of Chinese Medicinal Materials and Ethnic Medicine, Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanchang 330004, China
2
Key Laboratory of Modern Preparation of TCM, Ministry of Education, Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanchang 330004, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gerold Jerz
Molecules 2019, 24(24), 4591; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24244591
Received: 19 November 2019 / Revised: 7 December 2019 / Accepted: 11 December 2019 / Published: 15 December 2019
In this study, a combination of quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (Q-TOF-MS) and linear trap quadrupole orbitrap mass spectrometry (LTQ-Orbitrap-MS) was performed to investigate the fragmentation behaviors of prenylated flavonoids (PFs) from Artocarpus plants. Fifteen PFs were selected as the model molecules and divided into five types (groups A–E) according to their structural characteristics in terms of the position and existing form of prenyl substitution in the flavone skeleton. The LTQ-Orbitrap-MSn spectra of the [M − H] ions for these compounds provided a wealth of structural information on the five different types of compounds. The main fragmentation pathways of group A were the ortho effect and retro Diels–Alder (RDA), and common losses of C4H10, CO, and CO2. The compounds in group B easily lose C6H12, forming a stable structure of a 1,4-dienyl group, unlike those in group A. The fragmentation pathway for group C is characterized by obvious 1,4A, 1,4B cracking of the C ring. The diagnostic fragmentation for group D is obvious RDA cracking of the C ring and the successive loss of CH3 and H2O in the LTQ-Orbitrap-MSn spectra. Fragmentation with successive loss of CO or CO2, ·CH3, and CH4 in the LTQ-Orbitrap-MSn spectra formed the characteristics of group E. The summarized fragmentation rules were successfully exploited to identify PFs from Artocarpus heterophyllus, a well-known Artocarpus plant, which led to the identification of a total of 47 PFs in this plant. View Full-Text
Keywords: prenylated flavonoids; Artocarpus heterophyllus; Q-TOF-MS; LTQ-Orbitrap-MS; fragmentation rules; identification prenylated flavonoids; Artocarpus heterophyllus; Q-TOF-MS; LTQ-Orbitrap-MS; fragmentation rules; identification
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ye, J.-B.; Ren, G.; Li, W.-Y.; Zhong, G.-Y.; Zhang, M.; Yuan, J.-B.; Lu, T. Characterization and Identification of Prenylated Flavonoids from Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Roots by Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight and Linear Trap Quadrupole Orbitrap Mass Spectrometry. Molecules 2019, 24, 4591.

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