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Epoxy–PCM Composites with Nanocarbons or Multidimensional Boron Nitride as Heat Flow Enhancers

Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA 93943, USA
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Academic Editor: Ana Ines Fernandez Renna
Molecules 2019, 24(10), 1883; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24101883
Received: 30 April 2019 / Revised: 13 May 2019 / Accepted: 15 May 2019 / Published: 16 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phase Change Materials)
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Abstract

The need for affordable systems that are capable of regulating the temperature of living or storage spaces has increased the interest in exploring phase change materials (PCMs) for latent heat thermal energy storage (LHTES). This study investigates n-nonadecane (C19H40) and n-eicosane (C20H42) as alkane hydrocarbons/paraffins for LHTES applications. An epoxy resin is used as the support matrix medium to mitigate paraffin leakage, and a thickening agent is utilized to suppress phase separation during the curing process. In order to enhance the thermal conductivity of the epoxy–paraffin composite, conductive agents including carbon nanofibers (CNFs), carbon nanotubes (CNTs), boron nitride (BN) microparticles, or boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) are incorporated in different gravimetric ratios. Enhancements in latent heat, thermal conductivity, and heat transfer are realized with the addition of the thermal fillers. The sample composition with 10 wt.% BN shows excellent reversibility upon extended heating–cooling cycles and adequate viscosity for template casting as well as direct three-dimensional (3D) printing on fabrics, demonstrating the feasibility for facile integration onto liners/containers for thermal regulation purposes. View Full-Text
Keywords: phase change material; thermal energy storage; epoxy composites; nanomaterials; materials for temperature regulation; paraffin; boron nitride; carbon phase change material; thermal energy storage; epoxy composites; nanomaterials; materials for temperature regulation; paraffin; boron nitride; carbon
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Agrawal, R.; Hanna, J.; Gunduz, I.E.; Luhrs, C.C. Epoxy–PCM Composites with Nanocarbons or Multidimensional Boron Nitride as Heat Flow Enhancers. Molecules 2019, 24, 1883.

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