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Molecules 2018, 23(6), 1315; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23061315

UPLC-HRMS-Based Plasma Metabolomic Profiling of Novel Biomarkers by Treatment with KDZI in Cerebral Ischemia Reperfusion Rats

1
Beijing Research Institute of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
2
School of Chinese Material Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
3
School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Received: 2 May 2018 / Revised: 21 May 2018 / Accepted: 24 May 2018 / Published: 30 May 2018
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Abstract

Kudiezi injection (KDZI), also known as Diemailing injection, is a traditional Chinese medicine injection of the composite plant Ixeris sonchifolia Hance (also known as Kudiezi), and has been widely used to treat coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, and cerebral infarction, but its pharmacological mechanisms remain unclear. This study is designed to explore the effects of KDZI on middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion (MCAO/R) rats, and to identify metabolic features of cerebral ischemia reperfusion by using a nontargeted metabolic profiling method based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry (UPLC-HRMS). In this process, 32 potential biomarkers were found in plasma. KDZI significantly upregulated the levels of taurochenodesoxycholic acid, leucine, l-phenylalanine, l-tryptophan, arachidonic acid (ARA), and phosphatidyl ethanolamines (PE), phosphatidyl cholines (PC) and downregulated the levels of l-valine and 5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid (5-HIAA) in plasma. The results indicated that the mechanisms of KDZI on MCAO/R were related to the mechanisms of amino acid and lipid metabolism. View Full-Text
Keywords: Kudiezi injection; UPLC-HRMS; middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion Kudiezi injection; UPLC-HRMS; middle cerebral artery occlusion and reperfusion
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Wang, C.; Liu, C.; Wang, M.; Ma, Q.; Li, Y.; Wang, T.; Zhao, B. UPLC-HRMS-Based Plasma Metabolomic Profiling of Novel Biomarkers by Treatment with KDZI in Cerebral Ischemia Reperfusion Rats. Molecules 2018, 23, 1315.

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