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Molecules 2018, 23(4), 792; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23040792

Carbene Transfer Reactions Catalysed by Dyes of the Metalloporphyrin Group

1
Department of Chemistry & Organic Chemistry, Natural Products and Food Stuffs Unit (QOPNA), University of Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
2
Departamento de Química Orgânica, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói 24020-150, RJ, Brazil
3
Departamento de Tecnologia Farmacêutica Química, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói 24241-002, RJ, Brazil
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 27 February 2018 / Revised: 26 March 2018 / Accepted: 27 March 2018 / Published: 29 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Functional Dyes)

Abstract

Carbene transfer reactions are very important transformations in organic synthesis, allowing the generation of structurally challenging products by catalysed cyclopropanation, cyclopropenation, carbene C-H, N-H, O-H, S-H, and Si-H insertion, and olefination of carbonyl compounds. In particular, chiral and achiral metalloporphyrins have been successfully explored as biomimetic catalysts for these carbene transfer reactions under both homogeneous and heterogeneous conditions. In this work the use of synthetic metalloporphyrins (MPorph, M = Fe, Ru, Os, Co, Rh, Ir, Sn) as homogeneous or heterogeneous catalysts for carbene transfer reactions in the last years is reviewed, almost exclusively focused on the literature since the year 2010, except when reference to older publications was deemed to be crucial. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbenes; porphyrins; metalloporphyrins; cyclopropanation; cyclopropenation; olefination; X-H insertion carbenes; porphyrins; metalloporphyrins; cyclopropanation; cyclopropenation; olefination; X-H insertion
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Simões, M.M.Q.; Gonzaga, D.T.G.; Cardoso, M.F.C.; Forezi, L.S.M.; Gomes, A.T.P.C.; da Silva, F.C.; Ferreira, V.F.; Neves, M.G.P.M.S.; Cavaleiro, J.A.S. Carbene Transfer Reactions Catalysed by Dyes of the Metalloporphyrin Group. Molecules 2018, 23, 792.

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