The solubilities of metoprolol succinate (a cardioselective β1 adrenergic receptor) in methanol, ethanol, n
-propanol, isopropanol, n
-butanol, ethyl acetate, and acetone were measured at temperatures ranging from (278.2 to 318.2) K using a solid–liquid equilibrium method. The solubility of metoprolol succinate increases with increasing temperature. At a fixed temperature, the solubility decreases in the order methanol > ethanol > n
-butanol > n
-propanol > isopropanol > acetone > ethyl acetate. The enthalpy of fusion and the melting point of metoprolol succinate were determined by differential scanning calorimetry. The thermodynamic properties of the dissolution process, determined by a van’t Hoff analysis, have been obtained and are discussed. The modified Apelblat equation, Wilson model, and non-random two-liquid (NRTL) model were employed to correlate the solubilities of metoprolol succinate in different solvents. Finally, a quantitative structure–property relationship (QSPR) study of physical properties of solvents and density functional theory simulations of hydrogen-bonding structure were carried out to give the explanation for the sequence of solubility in alcohols. The density functional theory (DFT) calculations well illustrated that the solubility of metoprolol succinate in various alcohols can be mainly attributed to the intra- and intermolecular hydrogen bonds in metoprolol succinate-solvent complexes.
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