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Molecules 2017, 22(8), 1212;

Structure and Catalysis of Fe(III) and Cu(II) Microperoxidase-11 Interacting with the Positively Charged Interfaces of Lipids

Universidade Federal do ABC, Santo André 09210-170, SP, Brazil
Universidade de São Paulo, Instituto de Física de São Carlos, São Carlos 13400-970, SP, Brazil
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 May 2017 / Revised: 20 June 2017 / Accepted: 14 July 2017 / Published: 26 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metallopeptides)
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Numerous applications have been described for microperoxidases (MPs) such as in photoreceptors, sensing, drugs, and hydrogen evolution. The last application was obtained by replacing Fe(III), the native central metal, by cobalt ion and inspired part of the present study. Here, the Fe(III) of MP-11 was replaced by Cu(II) that is also a stable redox state in aerated medium, and the structure and activity of both MPs were modulated by the interaction with the positively charged interfaces of lipids. Comparative spectroscopic characterization of Fe(III) and Cu(II)MP-11 in the studied media demonstrated the presence of high and low spin species with axial distortion. The association of the Fe(III)MP-11 with CTAB and Cu(II)MP-11 with DODAB affected the colloidal stability of the surfactants that was recovered by heating. This result is consistent with hydrophobic interactions of MPs with DODAB vesicles and CTAB micelles. The hydrophobic interactions decreased the heme accessibility to substrates and the Fe(III) MP-11catalytic efficiency. Cu(II)MP-11 challenged by peroxides exhibited a cyclic Cu(II)/Cu(I) interconversion mechanism that is suggestive of a mimetic Cu/ZnSOD (superoxide dismutase) activity against peroxides. Hydrogen peroxide-activated Cu(II)MP-11 converted Amplex Red® to dihydroresofurin. This study opens more possibilities for technological applications of MPs. View Full-Text
Keywords: microperoxidase-11; CTAB micelles; DODAB large vesicles; MCD; EPR microperoxidase-11; CTAB micelles; DODAB large vesicles; MCD; EPR

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Prieto, T.; Santana, V.; Britto, A.M.M.; Araujo-Chaves, J.C.; R. Nascimento, O.; L. Nantes-Cardoso, I. Structure and Catalysis of Fe(III) and Cu(II) Microperoxidase-11 Interacting with the Positively Charged Interfaces of Lipids. Molecules 2017, 22, 1212.

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