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Open AccessArticle

Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Quantum Dots as Fluorescent Probes for Sensitive and Selective Detection of Nitrite

Department of Chemistry, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150025, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2017, 22(12), 2061; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules22122061
Received: 24 October 2017 / Revised: 22 November 2017 / Accepted: 24 November 2017 / Published: 24 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Analytical Chemistry)
Nitrites are the upstream precursors of the carcinogenic nitrosamines, which are widely found in the natural environment and many food products. It is important to develop a simple and sensitive sensor for detecting nitrites. In this work, a fluorescence probe based on nitrogen-doped carbon quantum dots (N-CQDs) was developed for the sensitive and selective determination of nitrites. At pH 2, the fluorescence of N-CQDs can be selectively quenched by nitrite due to the fact N-nitroso compounds can be formed in the reaction of amide groups with nitrous acid, which results in fluorescence static quenching. Under optimal conditions, fluorescence intensity quenching upon addition of nitrite gives a satisfactory linear relationship covering the linear range of 0.2–20 μM, and the limit of detection (LOD) is 40 nM. Moreover, this method has been successfully applied to the determination of nitrites in tap water, which indicates its great potential for monitoring of nitrites in environmental samples. View Full-Text
Keywords: nitrogen-doped carbon quantum dots; fluorescence probe; nitrite measurement; quenching mechanism nitrogen-doped carbon quantum dots; fluorescence probe; nitrite measurement; quenching mechanism
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MDPI and ACS Style

Feng, Z.; Li, Z.; Zhang, X.; Shi, Y.; Zhou, N. Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Quantum Dots as Fluorescent Probes for Sensitive and Selective Detection of Nitrite. Molecules 2017, 22, 2061.

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