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Open AccessArticle

Synthesis and Anticandidal Activity Evaluation of New Benzimidazole-Thiazole Derivatives

1
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Anadolu Universty, 26470 Eskişehir, Turkey
2
Doping and Narcotic Compounds Analysis Laboratory, Faculty of Pharmacy, Anadolu Universty, 26470 Eskişehir, Turkey
3
Department of Pharmaceutical Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Anadolu Universty, 26470 Eskişehir, Turkey
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2017, 22(12), 2051; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules22122051
Received: 31 October 2017 / Revised: 20 November 2017 / Accepted: 21 November 2017 / Published: 23 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Drug Discovery Approaches against Infectious Diseases)
Azole-based antifungal agents constitute one of the important classes of antifungal drugs. Hence, in the present work, 12 new benzimidazole-thiazole derivatives 3a3l were synthesized to evaluate their anticandidal activity against C. albicans, C. glabrata, C. krusei, and C. parapsilopsis. The structures of the newly synthesized compounds 3a3l were confirmed by IR, 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, and ESI-MS spectroscopic methods. ADME parameters of synthesized compounds 3a3l were predicted by an in-slico study and it was determined that all synthesized compounds may have a good pharmacokinetic profile. In the anticandidal activity studies, compounds 3c and 3d were found to be the most active compounds against all Candida species. In addition, cytoxicity studies showed that these compounds are nontoxic with a IC50 value higher than 500 µg/mL. The effect of compounds 3c and 3d on the ergosterol level of C. albicans was determined by an LC-MS-MS method. It was observed that both compounds cause a decrease in the ergosterol level. A molecular docking study including binding modes of 3c to lanosterol 14α-demethylase (CYP51), a key enzyme in ergosterol biosynthesis, was performed to elucidate the mechanism of the antifungal action. The docking studies revealed that there is a strong interaction between CYP51 and the most active compound 3c. View Full-Text
Keywords: benzimidazole; thiazole; anticandidal; docking studies; CYP51; cytotoxicity; ergosterol benzimidazole; thiazole; anticandidal; docking studies; CYP51; cytotoxicity; ergosterol
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Kaplancıklı, Z.A.; Levent, S.; Osmaniye, D.; Sağlık, B.N.; Çevik, U.A.; Çavuşoğlu, B.K.; Özkay, Y.; Ilgın, S. Synthesis and Anticandidal Activity Evaluation of New Benzimidazole-Thiazole Derivatives. Molecules 2017, 22, 2051.

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