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Open AccessArticle

Analysis of Floral Volatile Components and Antioxidant Activity of Different Varieties of Chrysanthemum morifolium

1
Xinjiang Academy of Forestry, Urumqi 830000, China
2
Economic forest product quality inspection and testing center of the State Forestry Administration (Urumqi), Urumqi 830052, China
3
Xinjiang Medical University, Urumqi 830000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2017, 22(10), 1790; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules22101790
Received: 6 September 2017 / Revised: 16 October 2017 / Accepted: 17 October 2017 / Published: 23 October 2017
This study investigated the volatile flavor compounds and antioxidant properties of the essential oil of chrysanthemums that was extracted from the fresh flowers of 10 taxa of Chrysanthemum morifolium from three species; namely Dendranthema morifolium (Ramat.) Yellow, Dendranthema morifolium (Ramat.) Red, Dendranthema morifolium (Ramat.) Pink, Dendranthema morifolium (Ramat.) White, Pericallis hybrid Blue, Pericallis hybrid Pink, Pericallis hybrid Purple, Bellis perennis Pink, Bellis perennis Yellow, and Bellis perennis White. The antioxidant capacity of the essential oil was assayed by spectrophotometric analysis. The volatile flavor compounds from the fresh flowers were collected using dynamic headspace collection, analyzed using auto thermal desorber–gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, and identified with quantification using the external standard method. The antioxidant activities of Chrysanthemum morifolium were evaluated by DPPH and FRAP assays, and the results showed that the antioxidant activity of each sample was not the same. The different varieties of fresh Chrysanthemum morifolium flowers were distinguished and classified by fingerprint similarity evaluation, principle component analysis (PCA), and cluster analysis. The results showed that the floral volatile component profiles were significantly different among the different Chrysanthemum morifolium varieties. A total of 36 volatile flavor compounds were identified with eight functional groups: hydrocarbons, terpenoids, aromatic compounds, alcohols, ketones, ethers, aldehydes, and esters. Moreover, the variability among Chrysanthemum morifolium in basis to the data, and the first three principal components (PC1, PC2, and PC3) accounted for 96.509% of the total variance (55.802%, 30.599%, and 10.108%, respectively). PCA indicated that there were marked differences among Chrysanthemum morifolium varieties. The cluster analysis confirmed the results of the PCA analysis. In conclusion, the results of this study provide a basis for breeding Chrysanthemum cultivars with desirable floral scents, and they further support the view that some plants are promising sources of natural antioxidants. View Full-Text
Keywords: Chrysanthemum morifolium; ATD-GC/MS; antioxidant activity; principle component analysis (PCA); cluster analysis Chrysanthemum morifolium; ATD-GC/MS; antioxidant activity; principle component analysis (PCA); cluster analysis
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Yang, L.; Aobulikasimu·Nuerbiye; Cheng, P.; Wang, J.-H.; Li, H. Analysis of Floral Volatile Components and Antioxidant Activity of Different Varieties of Chrysanthemum morifolium. Molecules 2017, 22, 1790.

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