Exploring the Oxidation of Lignin-Derived Phenols by a Library of Laccase Mutants
AbstractSaturation mutagenesis was performed over six residues delimiting the substrate binding pocket of a fungal laccase previously engineered in the lab. Mutant libraries were screened using sinapic acid as a model substrate, and those mutants presenting increased activity were selected for exploring the oxidation of lignin-derived phenols. The latter comprised a battery of phenolic compounds of interest due to their use as redox mediators or precursors of added-value products and their biological activity. The new laccase variants were investigated in a multi-screening assay and the structural determinants, at both the substrate and the protein level, for the oxidation of the different phenols are discussed. Laccase activity greatly varied only by changing one or two residues of the enzyme pocket. Our results suggest that once the redox potential threshold is surpassed, the contribution of the residues of the enzymatic pocket for substrate recognition and binding strongly influence the overall rate of the catalytic reaction. View Full-Text
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Pardo, I.; Camarero, S. Exploring the Oxidation of Lignin-Derived Phenols by a Library of Laccase Mutants. Molecules 2015, 20, 15929-15943.
Pardo I, Camarero S. Exploring the Oxidation of Lignin-Derived Phenols by a Library of Laccase Mutants. Molecules. 2015; 20(9):15929-15943.Chicago/Turabian Style
Pardo, Isabel; Camarero, Susana. 2015. "Exploring the Oxidation of Lignin-Derived Phenols by a Library of Laccase Mutants." Molecules 20, no. 9: 15929-15943.