Post-Synthetic Shaping of Porosity and Crystal Structure of Ln-Bipy-MOFs by Thermal Treatment
AbstractThe reaction of anhydrous lanthanide chlorides together with 4,4′-bipyridine yields the MOFs 2∞[Ln2Cl6(bipy)3]·2bipy, with Ln = Pr − Yb, bipy = 4,4′-bipyridine, and 3∞[La2Cl6(bipy)5]·4bipy. Post-synthetic thermal treatment in combination with different vacuum conditions was successfully used to shape the porosity of the MOFs. In addition to the MOFs microporosity, a tuneable mesoporosity can be implemented depending on the treatment conditions as a surface morphological modification. Furthermore, thermal treatment without vacuum results in several identifiable crystalline high-temperature phases. Instead of collapse of the frameworks upon heating, further aggregation under release of bipy is observed. 3∞[LaCl3(bipy)] and 2∞[Ln3Cl9(bipy)3], with Ln = La, Pr, Sm, and 1∞[Ho2Cl6(bipy)2] were identified and characterized, which can also exhibit luminescence. Besides being released upon heating, the linker 4,4′-bipyridine can undergo activation of C-C bonding in ortho-position leading to the in-situ formation of 4,4′:2′,2′′:4′′,4′′′-quaterpyridine (qtpy). qtpy can thereby function as linker itself, as shown for the formation of the network 2∞[Gd2Cl6(qtpy)2(bipy)2]·bipy. Altogether, the manuscript elaborates the influence of thermal treatment beyond the usual activation procedures reported for MOFs. View Full-Text
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Matthes, P.R.; Schönfeld, F.; Zottnick, S.H.; Müller-Buschbaum, K. Post-Synthetic Shaping of Porosity and Crystal Structure of Ln-Bipy-MOFs by Thermal Treatment. Molecules 2015, 20, 12125-12153.
Matthes PR, Schönfeld F, Zottnick SH, Müller-Buschbaum K. Post-Synthetic Shaping of Porosity and Crystal Structure of Ln-Bipy-MOFs by Thermal Treatment. Molecules. 2015; 20(7):12125-12153.Chicago/Turabian Style
Matthes, Philipp R.; Schönfeld, Fabian; Zottnick, Sven H.; Müller-Buschbaum, Klaus. 2015. "Post-Synthetic Shaping of Porosity and Crystal Structure of Ln-Bipy-MOFs by Thermal Treatment." Molecules 20, no. 7: 12125-12153.