Phytoalexins: Current Progress and Future Prospects
ExcerptPhytoalexins are low molecular weight antimicrobial compounds that are produced by plants as a response to biotic and abiotic stresses. As such they take part in an intricate defense system which enables plants to control invading microorganisms. In the 1950s, research on phytoalexins started with progress in their biochemistry and bio-organic chemistry, resulting in the determination of their structure, their biological activity, as well as mechanisms of their synthesis and catabolism by microorganisms. Elucidation of the biosynthesis of numerous phytoalexins also permitted the use of molecular biology tools for the exploration of the genes encoding enzymes of their synthesis pathways and their regulators. This has led to potential applications for increasing plant resistance to diseases. Phytoalexins display an enormous diversity belonging to various chemical families such as for instance, phenolics, terpenoids, furanoacetylenes, steroid glycoalkaloids, sulfur-containing compounds and indoles.[...] View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Jeandet, P. Phytoalexins: Current Progress and Future Prospects. Molecules 2015, 20, 2770-2774.
Jeandet P. Phytoalexins: Current Progress and Future Prospects. Molecules. 2015; 20(2):2770-2774.Chicago/Turabian Style
Jeandet, Philippe. 2015. "Phytoalexins: Current Progress and Future Prospects." Molecules 20, no. 2: 2770-2774.