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Recent Advances in the Chemical Composition of Propolis

College of Animal Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2014, 19(12), 19610-19632;
Received: 10 October 2014 / Revised: 13 November 2014 / Accepted: 20 November 2014 / Published: 26 November 2014
Propolis is a honeybee product with broad clinical applications. Current literature describes that propolis is collected from plant resins. From a systematic database search, 241 compounds were identified in propolis for the first time between 2000 and 2012; and they belong to such diverse chemical classes as flavonoids, phenylpropanoids, terpenenes, stilbenes, lignans, coumarins, and their prenylated derivatives, showing a pattern consistent with around 300 previously reported compounds. The chemical characteristics of propolis are linked to the diversity of geographical location, plant sources and bee species. View Full-Text
Keywords: propolis; honeybee; flavonoids; phenypropanoids; terpenenes; plant origin propolis; honeybee; flavonoids; phenypropanoids; terpenenes; plant origin
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, S.; Zhang, C.-P.; Wang, K.; Li, G.Q.; Hu, F.-L. Recent Advances in the Chemical Composition of Propolis. Molecules 2014, 19, 19610-19632.

AMA Style

Huang S, Zhang C-P, Wang K, Li GQ, Hu F-L. Recent Advances in the Chemical Composition of Propolis. Molecules. 2014; 19(12):19610-19632.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huang, Shuai, Cui-Ping Zhang, Kai Wang, George Q. Li, and Fu-Liang Hu. 2014. "Recent Advances in the Chemical Composition of Propolis" Molecules 19, no. 12: 19610-19632.

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