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Open AccessArticle

The Effect of Recycling Flux on the Performance and Microbial Community Composition of a Biofilm Hydrolytic-Aerobic Recycling Process Treating Anthraquinone Reactive Dyes

1
Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
2
State Key Lab of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2011, 16(12), 9838-9849; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules16129838
Received: 21 October 2011 / Revised: 7 November 2011 / Accepted: 18 November 2011 / Published: 25 November 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Diversity)
Synthetic dyes are extensively used and rarely degraded. Microbial decomposition is a cost-effective alternative to chemical and physical degradation processes. In this study, the decomposition of simulated anthraquinone reactive dye (Reactive Blue 19; RB19) at a concentration of 400-mg/L in wastewater by a biofilm hydrolytic-aerobic recycling system was investigated over a range of recycling fluxes. The 16S rDNA-based fingerprint technique was also used to investigate the microbial community composition. Results indicated that the recycling flux was a key factor that influenced RB19 degradation. The RB19 and COD removal efficiency could reach values as high as 82.1% and 95.4%, respectively, with a recycling flux of 10 mL/min. Molecular analysis indicated that some strains were similar to Aeromonadales, Tolumonas, and some uncultured clones were assumed to be potential decolorization bacteria. However, the microbial community composition in the reactors remained relatively stable at different recycling fluxes. This study provided insights on the decolorization capability and the population dynamics during the decolorization process of anthraquinone dye wastewater. View Full-Text
Keywords: reactive blue 19; PCR-DGGE; microbial community structure; hydrolytic-aerobic recycling process; recycling flux reactive blue 19; PCR-DGGE; microbial community structure; hydrolytic-aerobic recycling process; recycling flux
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Wang, Y.; Zhu, K.; Zheng, Y.; Wang, H.; Dong, G.; He, N.; Li, Q. The Effect of Recycling Flux on the Performance and Microbial Community Composition of a Biofilm Hydrolytic-Aerobic Recycling Process Treating Anthraquinone Reactive Dyes. Molecules 2011, 16, 9838-9849.

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