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Article

Quantum Coherences and Classical Inhomogeneities as Equivalent Thermodynamics Resources

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Department of Physics, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
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Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA
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School of Electrical, Computer and Energy Engineering, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ 85287, USA
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Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
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Institute for Physical Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ronnie Kosloff
Entropy 2022, 24(4), 474; https://doi.org/10.3390/e24040474
Received: 8 March 2022 / Revised: 23 March 2022 / Accepted: 24 March 2022 / Published: 29 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quantum Darwinism and Friends)
Quantum energy coherences represent a thermodynamic resource, which can be exploited to extract energy from a thermal reservoir and deliver that energy as work. We argue that there exists a closely analogous classical thermodynamic resource, namely, energy-shell inhomogeneities in the phase space distribution of a system’s initial state. We compare the amount of work that can be obtained from quantum coherences with the amount that can be obtained from classical inhomogeneities, and find them to be equal in the semiclassical limit. We thus conclude that coherences do not provide a unique thermodynamic advantage of quantum systems over classical systems, in situations where a well-defined semiclassical correspondence exists. View Full-Text
Keywords: quantum thermodynamics; quantum coherence; work extraction quantum thermodynamics; quantum coherence; work extraction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Smith, A.; Sinha, K.; Jarzynski, C. Quantum Coherences and Classical Inhomogeneities as Equivalent Thermodynamics Resources. Entropy 2022, 24, 474. https://doi.org/10.3390/e24040474

AMA Style

Smith A, Sinha K, Jarzynski C. Quantum Coherences and Classical Inhomogeneities as Equivalent Thermodynamics Resources. Entropy. 2022; 24(4):474. https://doi.org/10.3390/e24040474

Chicago/Turabian Style

Smith, Andrew, Kanupriya Sinha, and Christopher Jarzynski. 2022. "Quantum Coherences and Classical Inhomogeneities as Equivalent Thermodynamics Resources" Entropy 24, no. 4: 474. https://doi.org/10.3390/e24040474

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