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Article

Economic Cycles of Carnot Type

by 1,2,*,†, 3,† and 1,†
1
Department of Mathematics and Informatics, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University Politehnica of Bucharest, Splaiul Independentei 313, Sector 6, 060042 Bucharest, Romania
2
Academy of Romanian Scientists, Ilfov 3, Sector 5, 050044 Bucharest, Romania
3
Department of Inverse and Ill-Posed Problems, Sobolev Institute of Mathematics SB RAS, Kotpyug Avenue 4, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Dmitry Gromov and Alexander Toikka
Entropy 2021, 23(10), 1344; https://doi.org/10.3390/e23101344
Received: 27 July 2021 / Revised: 23 September 2021 / Accepted: 11 October 2021 / Published: 14 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geometric Structure of Thermodynamics: Theory and Applications)
Originally, the Carnot cycle was a theoretical thermodynamic cycle that provided an upper limit on the efficiency that any classical thermodynamic engine can achieve during the conversion of heat into work, or conversely, the efficiency of a refrigeration system in creating a temperature difference by the application of work to the system. The first aim of this paper is to introduce and study the economic Carnot cycles concerning Roegenian economics, using our thermodynamic–economic dictionary. These cycles are described in both a QP diagram and a EI diagram. An economic Carnot cycle has a maximum efficiency for a reversible economic “engine”. Three problems together with their solutions clarify the meaning of the economic Carnot cycle, in our context. Then we transform the ideal gas theory into the ideal income theory. The second aim is to analyze the economic Van der Waals equation, showing that the diffeomorphic-invariant information about the Van der Waals surface can be obtained by examining a cuspidal potential. View Full-Text
Keywords: thermodynamic–economic dictionary; Roegenian economics; economic Carnot cycle; ideal income case; economic Van der Waals surface thermodynamic–economic dictionary; Roegenian economics; economic Carnot cycle; ideal income case; economic Van der Waals surface
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MDPI and ACS Style

Udriste, C.; Golubyatnikov, V.; Tevy, I. Economic Cycles of Carnot Type. Entropy 2021, 23, 1344. https://doi.org/10.3390/e23101344

AMA Style

Udriste C, Golubyatnikov V, Tevy I. Economic Cycles of Carnot Type. Entropy. 2021; 23(10):1344. https://doi.org/10.3390/e23101344

Chicago/Turabian Style

Udriste, Constantin, Vladimir Golubyatnikov, and Ionel Tevy. 2021. "Economic Cycles of Carnot Type" Entropy 23, no. 10: 1344. https://doi.org/10.3390/e23101344

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