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Article

Second-Order Phase Transition in Counter-Rotating Taylor–Couette Flow Experiment

by 1,2,3,* and 3
1
Faculty of Production Engineering, University of Bremen, Badgasteiner Strasse 1, 28359 Bremen, Germany
2
Leibniz Institute for Materials Engineering IWT, Badgasteiner Strasse 3, 28359 Bremen, Germany
3
Institute of Science and Technology Austria, Am Campus 1, 3400 Klosterneuburg, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Entropy 2021, 23(1), 58; https://doi.org/10.3390/e23010058
Received: 4 December 2020 / Revised: 27 December 2020 / Accepted: 28 December 2020 / Published: 31 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intermittency in Transitional Shear Flows)
In many basic shear flows, such as pipe, Couette, and channel flow, turbulence does not arise from an instability of the laminar state, and both dynamical states co-exist. With decreasing flow speed (i.e., decreasing Reynolds number) the fraction of fluid in laminar motion increases while turbulence recedes and eventually the entire flow relaminarizes. The first step towards understanding the nature of this transition is to determine if the phase change is of either first or second order. In the former case, the turbulent fraction would drop discontinuously to zero as the Reynolds number decreases while in the latter the process would be continuous. For Couette flow, the flow between two parallel plates, earlier studies suggest a discontinuous scenario. In the present study we realize a Couette flow between two concentric cylinders which allows studies to be carried out in large aspect ratios and for extensive observation times. The presented measurements show that the transition in this circular Couette geometry is continuous suggesting that former studies were limited by finite size effects. A further characterization of this transition, in particular its relation to the directed percolation universality class, requires even larger system sizes than presently available. View Full-Text
Keywords: phase transition; Couette flow; lifetimes phase transition; Couette flow; lifetimes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Avila, K.; Hof, B. Second-Order Phase Transition in Counter-Rotating Taylor–Couette Flow Experiment. Entropy 2021, 23, 58. https://doi.org/10.3390/e23010058

AMA Style

Avila K, Hof B. Second-Order Phase Transition in Counter-Rotating Taylor–Couette Flow Experiment. Entropy. 2021; 23(1):58. https://doi.org/10.3390/e23010058

Chicago/Turabian Style

Avila, Kerstin, and Björn Hof. 2021. "Second-Order Phase Transition in Counter-Rotating Taylor–Couette Flow Experiment" Entropy 23, no. 1: 58. https://doi.org/10.3390/e23010058

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