We study the statistics of heat exchange of a quantum system that collides sequentially with an arbitrary number of ancillas. This can describe, for instance, an accelerated particle going through a bubble chamber. Unlike other approaches in the literature, our focus is on the joint
probability distribution that heat
is exchanged with ancilla 1, heat
is exchanged with ancilla 2, and so on. This allows us to address questions concerning the correlations between the collisional events. For instance, if in a given realization a large amount of heat is exchanged with the first ancilla, then there is a natural tendency for the second exchange to be smaller. The joint distribution is found to satisfy a Fluctuation theorem of the Jarzynski–Wójcik type. Rather surprisingly, this fluctuation theorem links the statistics of multiple collisions with that of independent single collisions, even though the heat exchanges are statistically correlated.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited