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Power and Efficiency Optimization for Open Combined Regenerative Brayton and Inverse Brayton Cycles with Regeneration before the Inverse Cycle

by Lingen Chen 1,2,*, Huijun Feng 1,2 and Yanlin Ge 1,2
1
Institute of Thermal Science and Power Engineering, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan 430205, China
2
School of Mechanical & Electrical Engineering, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan 430205, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Entropy 2020, 22(6), 677; https://doi.org/10.3390/e22060677
Received: 29 May 2020 / Revised: 16 June 2020 / Accepted: 16 June 2020 / Published: 17 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carnot Cycle and Heat Engine Fundamentals and Applications II)
A theoretical model of an open combined cycle is researched in this paper. In this combined cycle, an inverse Brayton cycle is introduced into regenerative Brayton cycle by resorting to finite-time thermodynamics. The constraints of flow pressure drop and plant size are taken into account. Thirteen kinds of flow resistances in the cycle are calculated. On the one hand, four isentropic efficiencies are used to evaluate the friction losses in the blades and vanes. On the other hand, nine kinds of flow resistances are caused by the cross-section variances of flowing channels, which exist at the entrance of top cycle compressor (TCC), the entrance and exit of regenerator, the entrance and exit of combustion chamber, the exit of top cycle turbine, the exit of bottom cycle turbine, the entrance of heat exchanger, as well as the entrance of bottom cycle compressor (BCC). To analyze the thermodynamic indexes of power output, efficiency along with other coefficients, the analytical formulae of these indexes related to thirteen kinds of pressure drop losses are yielded. The thermodynamic performances are optimized by varying the cycle parameters. The numerical results reveal that the power output presents a maximal value when the air flow rate and entrance pressure of BCC change. In addition, the power output gets its double maximal value when the pressure ratio of TCC further changes. In the premise of constant flow rate of working fuel and invariant power plant size, the thermodynamic indexes can be optimized further when the flow areas of the components change. The effect of regenerator on thermal efficiency is further analyzed in detail. It is reported that better thermal efficiency can be procured by introducing the regenerator into the combined cycle in contrast with the counterpart without the regenerator as the cycle parameters change in the critical ranges. View Full-Text
Keywords: combined cycle; inverse Brayton cycle; regenerative Brayton cycle; power output; thermal efficiency; finite time thermodynamics combined cycle; inverse Brayton cycle; regenerative Brayton cycle; power output; thermal efficiency; finite time thermodynamics
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Chen, L.; Feng, H.; Ge, Y. Power and Efficiency Optimization for Open Combined Regenerative Brayton and Inverse Brayton Cycles with Regeneration before the Inverse Cycle. Entropy 2020, 22, 677.

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