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Open AccessArticle

Degrees-Of-Freedom in Multi-Cloud Based Sectored Cellular Networks

1
Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Rennes, Université de Rennes, 20 Avenue des Buttes de Coesmes, 35708 Rennes, France
2
Laboratoire Traitement et Communication de l’Information (LTCI), Telecom Paris, Institut Polytechnique de Paris, 91120 Palaiseau, France
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Entropy 2020, 22(6), 668; https://doi.org/10.3390/e22060668
Received: 15 May 2020 / Revised: 9 June 2020 / Accepted: 11 June 2020 / Published: 16 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wireless Networks: Information Theoretic Perspectives)
This paper investigates the achievable per-user degrees-of-freedom (DoF) in multi-cloud based sectored hexagonal cellular networks (M-CRAN) at uplink. The network consists of N base stations (BS) and K N base band unit pools (BBUP), which function as independent cloud centers. The communication between BSs and BBUPs occurs by means of finite-capacity fronthaul links of capacities C F = μ F · 1 2 log ( 1 + P ) with P denoting transmit power. In the system model, BBUPs have limited processing capacity C BBU = μ BBU · 1 2 log ( 1 + P ) . We propose two different achievability schemes based on dividing the network into non-interfering parallelogram and hexagonal clusters, respectively. The minimum number of users in a cluster is determined by the ratio of BBUPs to BSs, r = K / N . Both of the parallelogram and hexagonal schemes are based on practically implementable beamforming and adapt the way of forming clusters to the sectorization of the cells. Proposed coding schemes improve the sum-rate over naive approaches that ignore cell sectorization, both at finite signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and in the high-SNR limit. We derive a lower bound on per-user DoF which is a function of μ BBU , μ F , and r. We show that cut-set bound are attained for several cases, the achievability gap between lower and cut-set bounds decreases with the inverse of BBUP-BS ratio 1 r for μ F 2 M irrespective of μ BBU , and that per-user DoF achieved through hexagonal clustering can not exceed the per-user DoF of parallelogram clustering for any value of μ BBU and r as long as μ F 2 M . Since the achievability gap decreases with inverse of the BBUP-BS ratio for small and moderate fronthaul capacities, the cut-set bound is almost achieved even for small cluster sizes for this range of fronthaul capacities. For higher fronthaul capacities, the achievability gap is not always tight but decreases with processing capacity. However, the cut-set bound, e.g., at 5 M 6 , can be achieved with a moderate clustering size. View Full-Text
Keywords: cloud radio access networks; degrees-of-freedom; sectored cellular networks; limited fronthaul capacity; BBU pools with limited processing capacity; clustered decoding cloud radio access networks; degrees-of-freedom; sectored cellular networks; limited fronthaul capacity; BBU pools with limited processing capacity; clustered decoding
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Gelincik, S.; Rekaya-Ben Othman, G. Degrees-Of-Freedom in Multi-Cloud Based Sectored Cellular Networks. Entropy 2020, 22, 668.

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