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The Second Law and Entropy Misconceptions Demystified

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL 60115, USA
Entropy 2020, 22(6), 648;
Received: 1 June 2020 / Accepted: 8 June 2020 / Published: 11 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection Foundations and Ubiquity of Classical Thermodynamics)
The challenges and claims of hypothetical violations of the Second Law of thermodynamics have been a topic of many scientific, philosophical and social publications, even in the most prestigious scientific journals. Fascination with challenging the Second Law has further accelerated throughout the development of statistical and quantum physics, and information theory. It is phenomenologically reasoned here that non-equilibrium, useful work-energy potential is always dissipated to heat, and thus thermodynamic entropy (a measure of thermal disorder, not any other disorder) is generated always and everywhere, at any scale without exception, including life processes, open systems, micro-fluctuations, gravity or entanglement. Furthermore, entropy cannot be destroyed by any means at any scale (entropy is conserved in ideal, reversible processes and irreversibly generated in real processes), and thus, entropy cannot overall decrease, but only overall increase. Creation of ordered structures or live species always dissipate useful energy and generate entropy, without exception, and thus without Second Law violation. Entropy destruction would imply spontaneous increase in non-equilibrium, with mass-energy flux displacement against cause-and-effect, natural forces, as well as negate the reversible existence of the very equilibrium. In fact, all resolved challengers’ paradoxes and misleading violations of the Second Law to date have been resolved in favor of the Second Law and never against. We are still to witness a single, still open Second Law violation, to be confirmed. View Full-Text
Keywords: entropy; Second Law of thermodynamics; Second Law challenges; Second Law misconceptions entropy; Second Law of thermodynamics; Second Law challenges; Second Law misconceptions
MDPI and ACS Style

Kostic, M.M. The Second Law and Entropy Misconceptions Demystified. Entropy 2020, 22, 648.

AMA Style

Kostic MM. The Second Law and Entropy Misconceptions Demystified. Entropy. 2020; 22(6):648.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kostic, Milivoje M. 2020. "The Second Law and Entropy Misconceptions Demystified" Entropy 22, no. 6: 648.

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