This article analyzes heat transfer enhancement in incompressible time dependent magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) convective flow of Oldroyd-B nanofluid with carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Single wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) and multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) are immersed in a base fluid named Sodium alginate. The flow is restricted to an infinite vertical plate saturated in a porous material incorporating the generalized Darcy’s law and heat suction/injection. The governing equations for momentum, shear stress and energy are modelled in the form of partial differential equations along with ramped wall temperature and ramped wall velocity boundary conditions. Laplace transformation is applied to convert principal partial differential equations to ordinary differential equations first and, later, complex multivalued functions of Laplace parameter are handled with numerical inversion to obtain the solutions in real time domain. Expression for Nusselt number is also obtained to clearly examine the difference in rate of heat transfer. A comparison for isothermal wall condition and ramped wall condition is also made to analyze the difference in both profiles. A graphical study is conducted to analyze how the fluid profiles are significantly affected by several pertinent parameters. Rate of heat transfer increases with increasing volume fraction of nanoparticle while shear stress reduces with elevation in retardation time. Moreover, flow gets accelerated with increase in Grashof number and Porosity parameter. For every parameter, a comparison between solutions of SWCNTs and MWCNTs is also presented.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License
which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited