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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Al Addition on Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of CoCrFeMnNiAlx High Entropy Alloy Films

Department of Materials Science and Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Entropy 2020, 22(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/e22010002
Received: 9 December 2019 / Revised: 14 December 2019 / Accepted: 16 December 2019 / Published: 18 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High-Entropy Materials)
CoCrFeMnNiAlx (x = 0, 0.07, 0.3, 0.6, 1.0, 1.3) high-entropy alloy films (HEAFs) were processed by co-sputtering of CoCrFeMnNi alloy and Al targets. The effects of Al content on the microstructures and mechanical properties of HEAFs were studied. The XRD results indicated that the crystalline structure changed from the single face-centered cubic (FCC) phase for x = 0 and 0.07 to duplex FCC + body-centered cubic (BCC) phases for x = 0.3 and 0.6, and eventually, to a single BCC phase for x = 1.0 and 1.3, which agreed with the corresponding selected-area electron diffraction patterns. Also, nanotwins were observed in the FCC phase. Mechanical properties of films were studied using nanoindentation and micropillar compression tests. The hardness increased from 5.71 GPa at x = 0 to 8.74 GPa at x = 1.3. The compressive yield strength increased from 1.59 GPa to 3.73 GPa; however, the fracture strain decreased from 20.91% (no fracture) to 13.78% with the increasing Al content. Both nanotwins and BCC phase contributed to the strengthening effects for CoCrFeMnNiAlx HEAFs. Also, compared to the bulk CoCrFeMnNiAlx counterpart, the film exhibited much higher hardness and strength because of the much smaller grain size and the presence of nanotwins. View Full-Text
Keywords: high-entropy alloy films; Al addition; microstructure; mechanical properties; phase transition; nanotwins high-entropy alloy films; Al addition; microstructure; mechanical properties; phase transition; nanotwins
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hsu, Y.-C.; Li, C.-L.; Hsueh, C.-H. Effects of Al Addition on Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of CoCrFeMnNiAlx High Entropy Alloy Films. Entropy 2020, 22, 2. https://doi.org/10.3390/e22010002

AMA Style

Hsu Y-C, Li C-L, Hsueh C-H. Effects of Al Addition on Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of CoCrFeMnNiAlx High Entropy Alloy Films. Entropy. 2020; 22(1):2. https://doi.org/10.3390/e22010002

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hsu, Ya-Chu; Li, Chia-Lin; Hsueh, Chun-Hway. 2020. "Effects of Al Addition on Microstructures and Mechanical Properties of CoCrFeMnNiAlx High Entropy Alloy Films" Entropy 22, no. 1: 2. https://doi.org/10.3390/e22010002

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