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A Mesoscopic Traffic Data Assimilation Framework for Vehicle Density Estimation on Urban Traffic Networks Based on Particle Filters

College of Systems Engineering, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, China
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Entropy 2019, 21(4), 358; https://doi.org/10.3390/e21040358
Received: 11 January 2019 / Revised: 17 March 2019 / Accepted: 1 April 2019 / Published: 3 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bayesian Inference and Information Theory)
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Abstract

Traffic conditions can be more accurately estimated using data assimilation techniques since these methods incorporate an imperfect traffic simulation model with the (partial) noisy measurement data. In this paper, we propose a data assimilation framework for vehicle density estimation on urban traffic networks. To compromise between computational efficiency and estimation accuracy, a mesoscopic traffic simulation model (we choose the platoon based model) is employed in this framework. Vehicle passages from loop detectors are considered as the measurement data which contain errors, such as missed and false detections. Due to the nonlinear and non-Gaussian nature of the problem, particle filters are adopted to carry out the state estimation, since this method does not have any restrictions on the model dynamics and error assumptions. Simulation experiments are carried out to test the proposed data assimilation framework, and the results show that the proposed framework can provide good vehicle density estimation on relatively large urban traffic networks under moderate sensor quality. The sensitivity analysis proves that the proposed framework is robust to errors both in the model and in the measurements. View Full-Text
Keywords: data assimilation; vehicle density estimation; platoon based model; event-based data; particle filters data assimilation; vehicle density estimation; platoon based model; event-based data; particle filters
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Wang, S.; Xie, X.; Ju, R. A Mesoscopic Traffic Data Assimilation Framework for Vehicle Density Estimation on Urban Traffic Networks Based on Particle Filters. Entropy 2019, 21, 358.

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