In financial markets, investors will face not only portfolio risk but also background risk. This paper proposes a credibilistic multi-objective mean-semi-entropy model with background risk for multi-period portfolio selection. In addition, realistic constraints such as liquidity, cardinality constraints, transaction costs, and buy-in thresholds are considered. For solving the proposed multi-objective problem efficiently, a novel hybrid algorithm named Hybrid Dragonfly Algorithm-Genetic Algorithm (HDA-GA) is designed by combining the advantages of the dragonfly algorithm (DA) and non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm II (NSGA II). Moreover, in the hybrid algorithm, parameter optimization, constraints handling, and external archive approaches are used to improve the ability of finding accurate approximations of Pareto optimal solutions with high diversity and coverage. Finally, we provide several empirical studies to show the validity of the proposed approaches.
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