On Continuous-Time Gaussian Channels†
AbstractA continuous-time white Gaussian channel can be formulated using a white Gaussian noise, and a conventional way for examining such a channel is the sampling approach based on the Shannon–Nyquist sampling theorem, where the original continuous-time channel is converted to an equivalent discrete-time channel, to which a great variety of established tools and methodology can be applied. However, one of the key issues of this scheme is that continuous-time feedback and memory cannot be incorporated into the channel model. It turns out that this issue can be circumvented by considering the Brownian motion formulation of a continuous-time white Gaussian channel. Nevertheless, as opposed to the white Gaussian noise formulation, a link that establishes the information-theoretic connection between a continuous-time channel under the Brownian motion formulation and its discrete-time counterparts has long been missing. This paper is to fill this gap by establishing causality-preserving connections between continuous-time Gaussian feedback/memory channels and their associated discrete-time versions in the forms of sampling and approximation theorems, which we believe will play important roles in the long run for further developing continuous-time information theory. As an immediate application of the approximation theorem, we propose the so-called approximation approach to examine continuous-time white Gaussian channels in the point-to-point or multi-user setting. It turns out that the approximation approach, complemented by relevant tools from stochastic calculus, can enhance our understanding of continuous-time Gaussian channels in terms of giving alternative and strengthened interpretation to some long-held folklore, recovering “long-known” results from new perspectives, and rigorously establishing new results predicted by the intuition that the approximation approach carries. More specifically, using the approximation approach complemented by relevant tools from stochastic calculus, we first derive the capacity regions of continuous-time white Gaussian multiple access channels and broadcast channels, and we then analyze how feedback affects their capacity regions: feedback will increase the capacity regions of some continuous-time white Gaussian broadcast channels and interference channels, while it will not increase capacity regions of continuous-time white Gaussian multiple access channels. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Liu, X.; Han, G. On Continuous-Time Gaussian Channels. Entropy 2019, 21, 67.
Liu X, Han G. On Continuous-Time Gaussian Channels. Entropy. 2019; 21(1):67.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Xianming; Han, Guangyue. 2019. "On Continuous-Time Gaussian Channels." Entropy 21, no. 1: 67.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.