The impulsive fault feature signal of rolling bearings at the early failure stage is easily contaminated by the fundamental frequency (i.e., the rotation frequency of the shaft) signal and background noise. To address this problem, this paper puts forward a rolling bearing weak fault diagnosis method with the combination of optimal notch filter and enhanced singular value decomposition. Firstly, in order to eliminate the interference of the fundamental frequency signal, the original signal was processed by the notch filter with the fundamental frequency as the center frequency and with a varying bandwidth to get a series of corresponding notch filter signals. Secondly, the Teager energy entropy index was adopted to adaptively determine the optimal bandwidth to complete the optimal notch filter analysis on the raw vibration signal and obtain the corresponding optimal notch filter signal. Thirdly, an enhanced singular value decomposition de-nosing method was employed to de-noise the optimal notch filter signal. Finally, the envelope spectrum analysis was conducted on the de-noised signal to extract the fault characteristic frequencies. The effectiveness of the presented method was demonstrated via simulation and experiment verifications. In addition, the minimum entropy deconvolution, Kurtogram and Infogram methods were employed for comparisons to show the advantages of the presented method.
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